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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «A»:

  1. Angina - when you have chest pain Angina - when you have chest pain
    You may feel pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your chest. You may also have pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your arms, shoulders, neck, jaw, throat, or back. Some patients (especially women, older people, and people with diabetes) may have different symptoms, such as short...
  2. Angiodysplasia of the colon Angiodysplasia of the colon
    Angiodysplasia of the colon is enlarged and fragile blood vessels in the colon that result in occasional loss of blood from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Causes Angiodysplasia of the colon is mostly related to the aging and degeneration of the blood vessels. It usually occurs in older adults. Th...
  3. Angioedema Angioedema
    Angioedema is a swelling, similar to hives, but the swelling is beneath the skin rather than on the surface. Hives are often called welts. They are a surface swelling. It is also possible to have angioedema without hives. See also: Hereditary angioedema Causes Angioedema may be caused by an allerg...
  4. Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery
    You have an artery on each side of your neck called the carotid artery. This artery brings needed blood to your brain and face. The blood flow in this artery can become partly or totally blocked by fatty material called plaque. A partial blockage is called carotid artery stenosis (narrowing). A bloc...
  5. Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery - discharge Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery - discharge
    You had an angioplasty done when you were in the hospital. You may have also had a stent (a tiny tube) placed in the blocked area to keep it open. Both of these were done to open a narrowed or blocked artery that supplies blood to your brain. Your surgeon inserted a catheter (flexible tube) into an ...
  6. Angioplasty and stent placement - peripheral arteries Angioplasty and stent placement - peripheral arteries
    Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to your legs. These peripheral arteries can become blocked with fatty material that builds up inside them. This is called atherosclerosis. A stent is a small, metal mesh tube that expands inside an artery. Angiopl...
  7. Angioplasty and stent placement - peripheral arteries - discharge Angioplasty and stent placement - peripheral arteries - discharge
    You had angioplasty in a peripheral artery, a blood vessel that supplies blood to your legs. You may have also had a stent placed. These procedures were done to open a narrowed or blocked peripheral artery. Your surgeon inserted a catheter (flexible tube) into your blocked artery through an incision...
  8. Animal bites Animal bites
    An animal bite can result in a break in the skin, a bruise, or a puncture wound. Considerations If the bite is a puncture wound, it has a greater chance of becoming infected. Rabies is a rare but potentially deadly disease spread through the saliva of a rabid animal. If you believe an animal may b...
  9. Anisocoria Anisocoria
    Anisocoria is unequal pupil size. The pupil is the black part in the center of the eye. It gets larger in dim light and smaller in bright light. Considerations It is normal for a person's two pupils to be up to 1 mm (.05 inch) different in size. Babies born with different sized pupils may not have ...
  10. Ankle pain Ankle pain
    Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Considerations Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. A sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases of ankle sprain, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. This mak...
  11. Ankle replacement Ankle replacement
    Ankle replacement is surgery to replace the damaged parts of the three bones that make up the ankle joint. Artificial joint parts (prosthetics) are used to replace your own bones. They come in different sizes to fit different-size people. Description Ankle replacement surgery may be done while you ...
  12. Ankle replacement - discharge Ankle replacement - discharge
    You had an ankle replacement. This surgery replaced the bones that made up your ankle joint with artificial joint parts (prosthetic components). Your surgeon removed and reshaped damaged bones, and formed a new artificial ankle joint. You received pain medication and were shown how to treat swelling...
  13. Ankylosing spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis
    Ankylosing spondylitis is a long-term disease that causes inflammation of the joints between the spinal bones, and the joints between the spine and pelvis. It eventually causes the affected spinal bones to join together. See also: Arthritis Causes The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, bu...
  14. Annular pancreas Annular pancreas
    An annular pancreas is a ring of pancreatic tissue that encircles the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). Normally, the pancreas sits next to, but does not surround the duodenum. Causes Annular pancreas is a congenital defect, which means it is present at birth. Symptoms occur when th...
  15. Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
    Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a heart defect in which the left coronary artery (which carries blood to the heart muscle) is connected to the pulmonary artery instead of to the aorta. ALCAPA is present at birth (congenital). Causes An anomalous left coronary ar...