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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «B»:

  1. Brain surgery - discharge Brain surgery - discharge
    Your doctor made an incision in your scalp and then drilled a small hole or removed a piece of your skull bone. Surgery was done to correct a problem with a blood vessel, infection, or in the brain tissue itself. You have spent some time in the intensive care unit and some more time in a regular hos...
  2. Brain tumor - children Brain tumor - children
    A primary brain tumor is a group (mass) of abnormal cells that start in the brain. This article focuses on primary brain tumors in children. Causes The cause of primary brain tumors is unknown. Primary brain tumors may be: Benign (not cancerous) Invasive (spread to nearby areas) Located in only a ...
  3. Brain tumor - primary - adults Brain tumor - primary - adults
    A primary brain tumor is a group (mass) of abnormal cells that start in the brain. This article focuses on primary brain tumors in adults. See also: Brain tumor - metastatic (cancer that has spread to the brain from elsewhere in the body) Brain tumor - children Causes Primary brain tumors incl...
  4. Branchial cleft cyst Branchial cleft cyst
    A branchial cleft cyst is a lump that develops in the neck or just below the collarbone. It is a type of birth defect. Causes Branchial cleft cysts form during development of the embryo. They occur when tissues in the neck and collarbone area (branchial cleft) fail to develop normally. The birth de...
  5. Breast - premenstrual tenderness and swelling Breast - premenstrual tenderness and swelling
    Premenstrual swelling and tenderness of both breasts occurs during the second half of the menstrual cycle. Considerations Symptoms of premenstrual breast tenderness may range from mild to severe. Symptoms typically peak just before each menstrual period and improve immediately after or during the m...
  6. Breast biopsy Breast biopsy
    A breast biopsy is the removal of breast tissue to examine it for signs of breast cancer or other disorders. Several different types of biopsy may be done. This article discusses open breast biopsy. An open biopsy involves making a small cut in the breast and removing breast tissue. See also: Brea...
  7. Breast biopsy - stereotactic Breast biopsy - stereotactic
    A breast biopsy is the removal of breast tissue to examine it for signs of breast cancer or other disorders. Several different types of biopsy may be done. This article discusses sterotactic breast biopsy. A stereotactic breast biopsy uses mammography to help pinpoint the spot in the breast that nee...
  8. Breast biopsy - ultrasound Breast biopsy - ultrasound
    A breast biopsy is the removal of breast tissue to examine it for signs of breast cancer or other disorders. There are several different types of breast biopsies. This article focuses on needle-based and ultrasound-guided breast biopsies. See also: Breast biopsy - stereotactic Breast biopsy - op...
  9. Breast cancer Breast cancer
    Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are two main types of breast cancer: Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type. Lobular carcinoma starts in parts of the breast, called lob...
  10. Breast infection Breast infection
    A breast infection is an infection in the tissue of the breast. Causes Breast infections are usually caused by a common bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) found on normal skin. The bacteria enter through a break or crack in the skin, usually on the nipple. The infection takes place in the fatty tissu...
  11. Breast lift Breast lift
    A breast lift, or mastopexy, is cosmetic breast surgery to lift the breasts. Description Cosmetic breast surgery is surgery you choose to have. You do not need it for medical reasons. It can be done at an outpatient surgery clinic or in a hospital. You will probably receive general anesthesia befor...
  12. Breast lump Breast lump
    A breast lump is a swelling, protuberance, or lump in the breast. Considerations Normal breast tissue is present in both males and females of all ages. This tissue responds to hormonal changes and, therefore, certain lumps can come and go. Breast lumps may appear at all ages: Infants may have brea...
  13. Breast lump removal Breast lump removal
    Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a lump in the breast and some surrounding tissue from the breast. Description Breast lump removal is usually done in an outpatient clinic. You will be given general anesthesia (asleep, but pain free) or local anesthesia (awake, but sedated and pain free). T...
  14. Breast milk - pumping and storing Breast milk - pumping and storing
    Pumping and storing breast milk can help provide a stay-at-home mom with the chance to have time for herself. Once she returns to work, keeping up her supply of breast milk can be more of a challenge. She will need to keep her milk supply by continuing to pump and collect breast milk for her child t...
  15. Breast milk jaundice Breast milk jaundice
    Jaundice is a condition that causes the skin and parts of the eyes to turn a yellow color. Breast milk jaundice is long-term jaundice in an otherwise healthy, breast-fed baby. It develops after the first week of life and continues up to the sixth week of life. Causes Bilirubin is a yellow pigment...