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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «B»:

  1. Breast MRI scan Breast MRI scan
    A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the breast is a noninvasive method to create detailed pictures of the breast and surrounding tissues. It may be done in combination with mammography or ultrasound. However, it is not a replacement for mammography. Unlike x-rays and computed tomographic (CT)...
  2. Breast pain Breast pain
    Breast pain is any discomfort or pain in the breast. Considerations There are many possible causes for breast pain. For example, hormone level changes related to menstruation or pregnancy are often responsible for breast tenderness. Some degree of swelling and tenderness just before your period is n...
  3. Breast PET scan Breast PET scan
    A breast positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that uses a radioactive substance (called a tracer) to look for breast cancer. This tracer can help identify areas of cancer that an MRI or CT scan may miss. See also: PET scan How the Test is Performed The health care provider wi...
  4. Breast radiation - discharge Breast radiation - discharge
    When you have radiation treatment for cancer, your body goes through some changes. About 2 weeks after your first treatment: It may be hard to swallow, or swallowing may hurt. Your throat may feel dry or scratchy. You may develop a cough. Your skin over the treated area may turn red, start to peel,...
  5. Breast reconstruction - implants Breast reconstruction - implants
    After a mastectomy, some women choose to have cosmetic surgery to re-create their breast. This surgery can be performed during mastectomy itself or later. The breast is usually reshaped in 2 stages, first using a tissue expander and then placement of a saline implant. Sometimes the implant can be i...
  6. Breast reconstruction - natural tissue Breast reconstruction - natural tissue
    After a mastectomy, some women choose to have cosmetic surgery to remake their breast. During breast reconstruction therapy using natural tissue, the breast is reshaped using muscle, skin, and fat from another part of your body. This surgery can be performed at the same time as mastectomy or later....
  7. Breast reduction Breast reduction
    Breast reduction is surgery to reduce the size of the breasts. Description Breast reduction surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. You will be asleep and pain-free. Or, you may have local anesthesia. You will be awake and will receive medicine to numb your breast area to block pain. If y...
  8. Breast self exam Breast self exam
    Many women feel that doing a breast self exam is an important part of their health care. It helps them learn how their breasts normally feel, so that if they find a lump they will know whether it is something to discuss with their health care provider. However, there is controversy about recommendin...
  9. Breast ultrasound Breast ultrasound
    Breast ultrasound uses sound waves that cannot be heard by humans to look at the breast. How the Test is Performed You will be asked to undress from the waist up and put on a medical gown. During the test, you will lie on your back on the examining table. A water-soluble gel is placed on the skin o...
  10. Breastfeeding Breastfeeding
    Deciding to breastfeed is a decision only you can make. It deserves careful thought. Experts agree that breastfeeding your baby for any length of time, no matter how short it is, will provide rewards for both you and your baby. Breast milk is the natural food source for infants younger than 1 year. ...
  11. Breastfeeding - resources Breastfeeding - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on breastfeeding and breastfeeding problems: American Academy of Pediatrics - www.aap.org/healthtopics/breastfeeding.cfm La Leche League International Inc. - www.lalecheleague.org March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.com U.S. Centers fo...
  12. Breastfeeding - self-care Breastfeeding - self-care
    Breastfeeding is often an enjoyable and rewarding experience for mothers. A breastfeeding mother must continue to take care of her baby and herself, as she did during her pregnancy. See also: Age-appropriate diet for children Breast milk - pumping and storage Deciding to breastfeed Formula f...
  13. Breastfeeding tips Breastfeeding tips
    Breastfeeding positions Function Proper nipple care, positioning, appropriate nursing frequency, and other measures can prevent many common breastfeeding problems. Recommendations Most women's breasts have nipples that stick out (protrude) slightly at rest and become erect when stimulated, as with ...
  14. Breath alcohol test Breath alcohol test
    A breath alcohol test determines how much alcohol is in your blood by measuring the amount of alcohol in the air you breathe out (exhale). How the Test is Performed There are various brands of breath alcohol tests. Each one uses a different method to test the level of alcohol in the breath. The mac...
  15. Breath holding spell Breath holding spell
    A breath holding spell is an involuntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness. It usually occurs in response to an upsetting or surprising situation. Causes Breath holding is seen in some normal children from as early as age 2 months, but it can start as late as 2 year...