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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «B»:

  1. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung condition that affects newborn babies who were either put on a breathing machine after birth or were born very early (prematurely). Causes Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) occurs in severely ill infants who have received high levels of oxygen for l...
  2. Bronchoscopic culture Bronchoscopic culture
    Bronchoscopic culture is a laboratory exam to check a piece of tissue from the lungs for infection-causing organisms. How the Test is Performed A sample of lung tissue is needed. For information on how that sample is obtained, see: Bronchoscopy The sample is sent to a laboratory, and placed in a s...
  3. Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy
    Bronchoscopy is a test to view the airways and diagnose lung disease. It may also be used during the treatment of some lung conditions. How the Test is Performed A bronchoscope is a device used to see the inside of the lungs. It can be flexible or rigid. Usually, a flexible bronchosc...
  4. Brown recluse spider Brown recluse spider
    The brown recluse spider's bite is poisonous. The scientific name for the brown recluse is Loxosceles reclusa. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) ...
  5. Brucellosis Brucellosis
    Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by contact with animals carrying bacteria called Brucella. Causes Brucella can infect cattle, goats, camels, dogs, and pigs. The bacteria can spread to humans if you come in contact with infected meat or the placenta of infected animals, or if you eat or...
  6. Bruise Bruise
    A bruise is an area of skin discoloration. A bruise occurs when small blood vessels break and leak their contents into the soft tissue beneath the skin. Considerations There are three types of bruises: Subcutaneous -- beneath the skin Intramuscular -- within the belly of the underlying muscle Peri...
  7. Bruise mark treatment Bruise mark treatment
    Question: Is there a way to reduce black-and-blue bruises caused by trauma? Answer: Apply ice packs to the injured body area immediately after the injury and apply pressure. The ice pack should be kept on for at least 20 minutes initially, and then for 20 minutes every hour while you are awake for t...
  8. Bruxism Bruxism
    Bruxism is when you clench (tightly hold your top and bottom teeth together) or grind (slide your teeth back and forth over each other) your teeth. Causes People can clench and grind without being aware of it during both the day and night, although sleep-related bruxism is often the bigger problem ...
  9. Buccal smear Buccal smear
    A buccal smear (pronounced "buckle") is the painless removal of a sample of cells from the lining of the mouth (inside of the cheek) for study. How the Test is Performed The health care provider will gently scrape the inside of the cheek with a small spatula to collect cells for testing. How to Pre...
  10. Bug repellent safety Bug repellent safety
    The safest bug repellent is proper clothing. Wear a full-brimmed hat to protect your head and the back of your neck. Make sure your ankles and wrists are covered. Tuck pant cuffs into socks, and wear light-colored clothing. This clothing is less attractive than dark clothing to biting insects and ma...
  11. Bug spray poisoning Bug spray poisoning
    This article discusses the harmful effects from breathing in or swallowing bug spray. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Co...
  12. Bulimia Bulimia
    Bulimia is an illness in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of significant overeating and feels a loss of control. The affected person then uses various methods -- such as vomiting or laxative abuse -- to prevent weight gain. Many (but not all) people with bulimia also have anorex...
  13. Bullae Bullae
    Bullae are blisters larger than 1 centimeter wide. Bullae that are filled with clear fluid may occur on the skin....
  14. Bullous pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid
    Bullous pemphigoid is a skin disorder characterized by large blisters. Causes The cause is not known, but may be related to immune system disorders. Bullous pemphigoid usually occurs in elderly persons and is rare in young people. Symptoms come and go. In most patients, the condition goes away with...
  15. BUN BUN
    BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. Urea nitrogen is what forms when protein breaks down. A test can be done to measure the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is...