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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «B»:

  1. Becker muscular dystrophy Becker muscular dystrophy
    Becker muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder that involves slowly worsening muscle weakness of the legs and pelvis. Causes Becker muscular dystrophy is very similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, except that it gets worse at a much slower rate. The disorder is passed down through families (i...
  2. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
    Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a congenital (present from birth) growth disorder that causes large body size, large organs, and other symptoms. Causes The cause of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is unknown, but it may be genetic. Most cases are associated with a defect in chromosome number 11. Infancy...
  3. Bedwetting Bedwetting
    Bedwetting is involuntary urination in children over 5 to 6 years old. It may occur at any time of the day or night. This article focuses on nighttime bedwetting. See also: Incontinence Causes Children develop complete control over their bladders at different ages. Nighttime dryness is usually th...
  4. Bee poison Bee poison
    Bee poisoning is caused by a sting from a bee, wasp, or yellow jacket. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at...
  5. Behavior - unusual or strange Behavior - unusual or strange
    Unusual or strange behavior involves performing actions that are not normal for the person. Considerations Unusual or strange behavior may include: Loss of memory that continues over time or gets worse Loss of the ability to concentrate and perform other mental tasks Causes There are many causes ...
  6. Being active after your heart attack Being active after your heart attack
    You had a heart attack and were in the hospital. You may have had angioplasty and had a stent placed in an artery to open a blocked artery in your heart. See also: Angina - discharge Heart attack - discharge What to Expect at Home While you were in the hospital, you should have learned: How ...
  7. Being active when you have heart disease Being active when you have heart disease
    Getting regular exercise when you have heart disease is important. It can help you in these ways: Exercise can make your heart muscle stronger, just like it makes other muscles stronger. It may also help you be more active without chest pain or other symptoms. Exercise may help lower your blood pre...
  8. Belching Belching
    Belching is the act of bringing up air from the stomach. It produces a characteristic (typical) sound. Considerations Belching is most often a normal process. The purpose of belching is to release air from the stomach. Every time you swallow, you also swallow air, along with fluid or food. As the a...
  9. Bell's palsy Bell's palsy
    Bell's palsy is a disorder of the nerve that controls movement of the muscles in the face. Damage to this nerve causes weakness or paralysis of these muscles. Paralysis means that you cannot use the muscles at all. Causes Bell's palsy affects about 30,000 - 40,000 people a year in the United States...
  10. Bence-Jones protein - quantitative Bence-Jones protein - quantitative
    A quantitative Bence-Jones protein test measures the specific level of abnormal proteins (Bence-Jones proteins) in your urine. How the Test is Performed A clean-catch (midstream) urine sample is needed. Men or boys should first wipe clean the head of the penis. Women or girls need to wash the area ...
  11. Benign Benign
    The term "benign" refers to a condition, tumor, or growth that is NOT cancerous. This means that it does not spread to other parts of the body or destroy nearby tissue. Benign tumors usually grow slowly. In general, a benign tumor or condition is not harmful. However, this is not always the case. If...
  12. Benign ear cyst or tumor Benign ear cyst or tumor
    Benign ear cysts are noncancerous lumps or growths in the ear. Causes Sebaceous cysts are the most common type of cysts seen in the ear. They are bulging, sac-like collections of dead skin cells and oils produced by oil glands in the skin. They commonly occur: Behind the ear In the ear canal In t...
  13. Benign positional vertigo Benign positional vertigo
    Benign positional vertigo is a condition in which a person develops a sudden sensation of spinning, usually when moving the head. It is the most common cause of vertigo. Causes Benign positional vertigo is due to a disturbance within the inner ear. The inner ear has fluid-filled tubes called semici...
  14. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources
    The following organizations provide information on benign prostate hyperplasia (prostate enlargement): American Urological Association Foundation - www.auafoundation.org National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse - www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov Alternative Names Resources - beni...
  15. Beriberi Beriberi
    Beriberi is a disease in which the body does not have enough thiamine (vitamin B1). Causes There are two major types of beriberi: Wet beriberi affects the cardiovascular system. Dry beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome affect the nervous system. Beriberi is rare in the United States because m...