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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Cosmetic breast surgery Cosmetic breast surgery
    Breast augmentation is a procedure to change the size or shape of the breasts. See also: Breast reconstruction - natural tissue Breast reconstruction - implants Breast lift Description Cosmetic breast surgery may be done at an outpatient surgery clinic or in a hospital. Most women receive ...
  2. Cosmetic breast surgery - discharge Cosmetic breast surgery - discharge
    You had cosmetic breast surgery to change the size or shape of your breasts. You probably were under general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free), or you may have had local anesthesia (awake and, pain-free). Your surgery took 1 to 6 hours, depending on the type of procedure you had. You woke up with a ...
  3. Cosmetic ear surgery Cosmetic ear surgery
    Cosmetic ear surgery is a procedure to move very large or prominent ears closer to the head. Description Cosmetic ear surgery may be done in the surgeon's office, an outpatient clinic, or a hospital. It can be performed under local anesthesia, which numbs the area around the ears, or general anesth...
  4. Costochondritis Costochondritis
    Costochondritis is an inflammation of a rib or the cartilage connecting a rib. It is a common cause of chest pain. See also: Chest pain Exams and Tests Your health care provider can diagnose costochondritis by pressing on the area where the ribs meet the chest bone (sternum). If this area is tende...
  5. Cough Cough
    Coughing is an important way to keep your throat and airways clear. However, excessive coughing may mean you have an underlying disease or disorder. Some coughs are dry, while others are considered productive. A productive cough is one that brings up mucus. Mucus is also called phlegm or sputum. Co...
  6. Coughing up blood Coughing up blood
    Coughing up blood is the spitting up of blood or bloody mucus from the lungs and throat (respiratory tract). Hemoptysis is the medical term for coughing up blood from the respiratory tract. Considerations Coughing up blood is not the same as bleeding from the mouth, throat, or gastrointestinal trac...
  7. Cow's milk for infants and children Cow's milk for infants and children
    Cow's milk is not recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for children under 1 year old. Infants fed whole cow's milk don't get enough vitamin E, iron, and essential fatty acids. They also get too much protein, sodium, and potassium. These levels may be too high for the infant's system to ...
  8. Cow’s milk and children Cow’s milk and children
    See also: Cow's milk for infants Lactose intolerance Food allergy Although some people have raised concerns about the safety of cow's milk for children, there is no good evidence that it is unsafe for this age group. Children ages 1 - 2 should only drink whole milk, because they need the fat...
  9. CPK isoenzymes test CPK isoenzymes test
    The CPK isoenzymes test measures the different forms of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in the blood. CPK is an enzyme found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle. See also: Creatine phosphokinase test How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside o...
  10. CPR CPR
    CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is an emergency lifesaving procedure that is performed when a person's own breathing or heartbeat have stopped, such as in cases of electric shock, heart attack, or drowning. CPR is a critical part of the ABC's of first response: A for airway B for b...
  11. CPR - adult CPR - adult
    CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped, as in cases of electric shock, drowning, or heart attack. CPR is a combination of: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to a person's lungs. Chest compressions, which keep the person's blood circul...
  12. CPR - child (1 to 8 years old) CPR - child (1 to 8 years old)
    CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when a child's breathing or heartbeat has stopped, as in cases of drowning, suffocation, choking, or injuries. CPR is a combination of: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to a child's lungs Chest compressions, which keep the child's blood circula...
  13. CPR - infant CPR - infant
    CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when an infant's breathing or heartbeat has stopped, as in cases of drowning, suffocation, choking, or injuries. CPR is a combination of: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to the infant's lungs. Chest compressions, which keep the infant's blood ...
  14. Cranial CT scan Cranial CT scan
    A cranial computed tomography (CT) scan is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create cross-sectional pictures of the head, including the skull, brain, eye sockets, and sinuses. See: Computed tomography How the Test is Performed You will be asked to lie on a narrow table that slides into the cen...
  15. Cranial mononeuropathy III - compression type Cranial mononeuropathy III - compression type
    Cranial mononeuropathy III -- compression type -- is a problem with the function of the third cranial nerve that causes double vision and eyelid drooping. Causes Cranial mononeuropathy III - compression type is a mononeuropathy, which means that only one nerve is affected. It affects the third cran...