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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Crohn's disease Crohn's disease
    Crohn's disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus). See also: Ulcerative colitis Causes While the exact cause of Crohn's disease is unknown, the condition is linked to a problem wit...
  2. Crohn’s disease - discharge Crohn’s disease - discharge
    You were in the hospital because you have Crohn’s disease, inflammation of the deep layers of the small intestine, large intestine, or both. You may have had exams, lab test, and x-rays. A doctor may have taken a sample of your tissue (biopsy) or looked inside your rectum and colon using a fl...
  3. Croup Croup
    Croup is breathing difficulty accompanied by a "barking" cough. Croup, which is swelling around the vocal cords, is common in infants and children and can have a variety of causes. Causes Viral croup is the most common. Other possible causes include bacteria, allergies, and inhaled irritants. Acid ...
  4. Crush injury Crush injury
    A crush injury occurs when a body part is subjected to a high degree of force or pressure, usually after being squeezed between two heavy objects. Damage related to crush injuries include: Bleeding Bruising Compartment syndrome (increased pressure in an arm or leg that causes serious muscle, n...
  5. Crying - excessive (0-6 months) Crying - excessive (0-6 months)
    Excessive crying (infants 0-6 months) Considerations Infants normally cry a total of 1 - 3 hours a day. It is perfectly normal for an infant to cry in an attempt to communicate hunger, thirst, discomfort, tiredness, or loneliness. It is also normal for a baby to have a fussy period in the evening. ...
  6. Crying in infancy Crying in infancy
    Crying in infancy is described as a loud, high-pitched sound made by infants in response to certain situations. Infants have a cry reflex that is a normal response to some stimuli, such as pain or hunger. Older children and adults cry for emotional reasons such as pain, fear, sadness, or frustration...
  7. Cryoglobulinemia Cryoglobulinemia
    Cryoglobulinemia is the presence of abnormal proteins in the blood. These abnormal proteins become thick or gel-like in cold temperatures. Causes Cryoglobulins are antibodies. It is not yet known why they become solid at low temperatures. When they do thicken or become somewhat gel-like, they can b...
  8. Cryoglobulins Cryoglobulins
    Cryoglobulins are abnormal proteins. This article describes the blood test used to check for them. When the body temperature is lower than 98.6 degrees F (37 degrees C), cryoglobulins no longer float in the blood. Instead, they separate out, forming clusters that can block small blood vessels, espec...
  9. Cryosurgery Cryosurgery
    Cryosurgery is a method of superfreezing tissue in order to destroy it. The technique is used to treat tumors, control pain, and control bleeding. Information The cold is introduced through a probe which has liquid nitrogen circulating through it. To destroy diseased tissue, the tissue is cooled to...
  10. Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis
    Cryptococcosis is infection with Cryptococcus neoformans fungus. Causes Cryptococcus neoformans, the fungus that causes this disease, is ordinarily found in soil. It enters and infects the body through the lungs. Once inhaled, infection with cryptococcosis may go away on its own, remain in the lun...
  11. Cryptosporidium enteritis Cryptosporidium enteritis
    Cryptosporidium enteritis is an infection of the small intestine with the parasite Cryptosporidium that causes diarrhea. Causes Cryptosporidium has recently been recognized as a worldwide cause of diarrhea in all age groups. Its major impact has been among those with weakened immune systems, inclu...
  12. CSD skin test CSD skin test
    The CSD skin test was once used to help diagnose cat scratch disease. The test is rarely used today and is not recommended. There are better methods, such as antibody detection by the EIA test, available to diagnose cat scratch disease. How the Test is Performed The test site (an area with hair, us...
  13. CSF analysis CSF analysis
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is a group of laboratory tests that measure proteins, sugar (glucose), and other chemicals in the fluid that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord. How the Test is Performed A sample of CSF is needed. A lumbar puncture, also called a spinal tap, is the ...
  14. CSF cell count CSF cell count
    A CSF cell count is a test to measure the number of red and white blood cells that are in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is a clear fluid that circulates in the space surrounding the spinal cord and brain. How the Test is Performed A sample of CSF is needed. A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is the mo...
  15. CSF leak CSF leak
    A CSF leak is an escape of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Causes The dura is the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and contains the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF can leak from any hole or tear in the dura. Causes of a tear in the dura include: Certain head, br...