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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. CSF myelin basic protein CSF myelin basic protein
    CSF myelin basic protein is a test to measure the level of myelin basic protein (MBP) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the clear liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. MBP is found in the material that covers your nerves. A sample of CSF is needed. The most common way to collect this samp...
  2. CSF oligoclonal banding CSF oligoclonal banding
    CSF oligoclonal banding is a test to look for inflammation-related proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the clear fluid that flows in the space surrounding the spinal cord and brain. Oligoclonal bands are proteins called immunoglobulins, which suggest inflammation of the central nervous system...
  3. CSF smear CSF smear
    A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) smear is a microscopic examination of the normally clear fluid that moves in the space surrounding the spinal cord and brain. CSF protects the brain and spinal cord from injury. How the Test is Performed A sample of CSF fluid is needed. This is usually done with a lumbar...
  4. CSF total protein CSF total protein
    CSF total protein is a test to determine the amount of protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is a clear fluid that circulates in the space surrounding the spinal cord. An abnormal protein level in the CSF suggests that there is an abnormal process occurring in the central nervous system. How th...
  5. CSF-VDRL test CSF-VDRL test
    The CSF-VDRL test is used to diagnose neurosyphilis. This test looks for antibodies called reagins, which are sometimes produced by the body in reaction to the syphilis-causing bacteria. See also: VDRL How the Test is Performed The test is performed on a CSF sample obtained by lumbar puncture (spi...
  6. Culdocentesis Culdocentesis
    Culdocentesis is a procedure that checks for abnormal fluid in the space just behind the vagina (cul-de-sac). How the Test is Performed First, you will have a pelvic examination. Then, the health care provider will grasp the cervix with an instrument and lift it slightly. A long, thin needle is ins...
  7. Culture - colonic tissue Culture - colonic tissue
    A colonic tissue culture is a laboratory test to check for disease-causing bacteria, fungi, or viruses in a sample of tissue from the large intestine. How the Test is Performed The doctor removes a piece of tissue from your large intestine during a colonoscopy. For more information on how this proc...
  8. Culture - duodenal tissue Culture - duodenal tissue
    A duodenal tissue culture is a laboratory exam to check a piece of tissue from the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) for infection-causing organisms. How the Test is Performed A piece of tissue from the first part of the small intestine is taken during an upper endoscopy (esophagogastrod...
  9. Culture - endocervix Culture - endocervix
    Endocervical culture is a laboratory test that helps identify infection in the female genital tract. How the Test is Performed During a vaginal examination, the health care provider takes a scraping of mucus and cells from the opening of the uterus, an area called the endocervix. The samples are pl...
  10. Culture - joint fluid Culture - joint fluid
    Joint fluid culture is a laboratory test to detect infection-causing organisms in a sample of fluid surrounding a joint. How the Test is Performed A sample of joint fluid is needed. This may be done in a doctor's office using a needle, or during an operating room procedure. For more information on ...
  11. Culture-negative endocarditis Culture-negative endocarditis
    Culture-negative endocarditis is an infection and inflammation of the lining of one or more heart valves in which no endocarditis-causing germs can be identified on a blood culture. The reason for this is that certain germs just do not grow well in the laboratory setting, or because some patients ha...
  12. Curvature of the penis Curvature of the penis
    Curvature of the penis is an abnormal bend in the penis that occurs during erection. It is also called Peyronie's disease. Causes In Peyronie's disease, fibrous scar tissue develops under the skin of the penis. The cause of this fibrous tissue is not known. The condition occurs in about 388 of 100,...
  13. Cushing syndrome Cushing syndrome
    Cushing syndrome is a disorder that occurs when your body is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol. It may also occur if you take too much cortisol or other steroid hormones. See also: Cushing's disease (pituitary Cushing's) Causes Cushing syndrome may be caused by taking too much cortico...
  14. Cushing syndrome - exogenous Cushing syndrome - exogenous
    Exogenous Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing syndrome that occurs in people taking glucocorticoid (also called corticosteroid) hormones, such as prednisone. Causes Exogenous means caused by something outside the body. Exogenous Cushing syndrome occurs when a person takes human-made (synthetic) g...
  15. Cushing syndrome due to adrenal tumor Cushing syndrome due to adrenal tumor
    Cushing syndrome due to adrenal tumor is an endocrine system disorder that occurs when there is a tumor of the adrenal gland releasing excess amounts of the hormone cortisol. Causes Cushing syndrome is caused by constant, high levels of the steroid hormone cortisol. A tumor on one of the adrenal g...