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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «E»:

  1. Extremity x-ray Extremity x-ray
    An extremity x-ray is an image of the hands, wrist, or feet, or all of these areas. The term "extremity" often specifically refers to a human hand or foot. X-rays are a form of radiation that penetrate the body to form an image on film. Structures that are dense (such as bone) will appear white, air...
  2. Eye - foreign object in Eye - foreign object in
    The eye will often clear itself of tiny objects, like eyelashes and sand, through blinking and tearing. If not, take these steps: Do not rub the eye. Wash your hands before examining it. Examine the eye in a well-lighted area. To find the object, look up and down, then from side to side. If you ca...
  3. Eye and orbit ultrasound Eye and orbit ultrasound
    An eye and orbit ultrasound is a test to look at the eye area, and to measure the size and structures of the eye. How the Test is Performed The test is usually done in the ophthalmologist’s office or the ophthalmology department. You usually sit in a chair. Your eye is numbed with medicine (...
  4. Eye burning - itching and discharge Eye burning - itching and discharge
    Eye burning with discharge is burning, itching, or drainage from the eye of any substance other than tears. Considerations Sometimes burning and itching eyes are due to environmental pollutants. If secondhand cigarette smoke is annoying, say so. If an industrial plant in the area is polluting, cont...
  5. Eye emergencies Eye emergencies
    Eye emergencies include cuts, scratches, objects in the eye, burns, chemical exposure, and blunt injuries to the eye or eyelid. Since the eye is easily damaged, any of these conditions can lead to vision loss if left untreated. Considerations It is important to get medical attention for all signifi...
  6. Eye floaters Eye floaters
    The floating specks you sometimes see in front of your eyes are not on the surface of your eyes, but inside them. These floaters are bits of cellular debris that come and go without treatment. To some people, these "floaters" look like spots. To others, they look like tiny threads. Most of the time ...
  7. Eye muscle repair Eye muscle repair
    Eye muscle repair is surgery to correct eye muscle problems that cause crossed (misaligned) eyes. The medical term for crossed eyes is strabismus. Description The goal of this surgery is to allow the eye muscles to be in proper position and help the eyes move correctly. Eye muscle surgery is usuall...
  8. Eye muscle repair - discharge Eye muscle repair - discharge
    You or your child had eye muscle repair surgery to correct eye muscle problems that cause crossed eyes. The medical term for crossed eyes is strabismus. Children usually receive general anesthesia for this surgery. They were asleep and did not feel pain. Most adults are usually awake and sleepy, but...
  9. Eye pain Eye pain
    Pain in the eye (that is not due to injury) may be described as a burning, throbbing, aching, or stabbing sensation in or around the eye. It may also feel as if there is a foreign body in the eye. Considerations A feeling of tiredness in the eyes or some discomfort after a long period of work...
  10. Eye redness Eye redness
    Red eyes are caused by enlarged, dilated blood vessels, leading to the appearance of redness on the surface of the eye. Considerations There are many possible causes of a red eye or eyes. Some are cause for concern; some are medical emergencies. Others are of no consequence or concern at all. The de...
  11. Eyelid bump Eyelid bump
    Most bumps on the eyelid are styes. A stye is an inflamed oil gland on the edge of your eyelid, where the lash meets the lid. It appears as a red, swollen bump that looks like a pimple. It is tender, especially to the touch. Causes A stye is caused by bacteria from the skin that get into the oil gl...
  12. Eyelid drooping Eyelid drooping
    Eyelid drooping is excessive sagging of the upper eyelid. See also: Drooping eyelid disease Considerations A drooping eyelid can stay constant, worsen over time (progressive), or come and go (intermittent). It can be one-sided or on both sides. When drooping is one-sided (unilateral), it is easy t...
  13. Eyelid lift Eyelid lift
    Eyelid lift surgery, also called blepharoplasty, is done to repair sagging or drooping upper eyelids (ptosis). Description Sagging or drooping eyelids occur naturally with increasing age. However, some people are born with droopy eyelids or develop diseases (such as myasthenia gravis) that cause ey...
  14. Eyelid twitch Eyelid twitch
    An eyelid twitch is a general term for involuntary spasms of the eyelid muscles. In some instances, the eyelid may repeatedly close (or nearly close) and re-open.This article discusses eyelid twitches in general. Causes The most common things that make the muscle in your eyelid twitch are fatigue, s...
  15. Eyes - bulging Eyes - bulging
    Bulging eyes is the abnormal protrusion (bulging out) of one or both eyeballs. Considerations Prominent eyes may be a family trait. However, prominent eyes are not the same as bulging eyes. Bulging eyes should receive immediate attention. Bulging of a single eye, especially in a child, is a very se...