Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «E»:

  1. ELISA/Western blot tests for HIV ELISA/Western blot tests for HIV
    HIV ELISA/Western blot is a set of blood tests used to diagnose chronic infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (an...
  2. Ellis-van Creveld syndrome Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
    Ellis-van Creveld syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects bone growth. Causes Ellis-van Creveld is passed down through families (inherited). It is caused by defects in one of two Ellis van Creveld syndrome genes (EVC and EVC2) that are next to each other. The severity of the disease varies...
  3. Emergency contraception Emergency contraception
    Emergency contraception is a method to prevent pregnancy in women who have had unprotected sex, or for whom a barrier method has failed (slipped condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap, or broken condom). Information Emergency contraception may be used following many different situations, including: Af...
  4. Empty sella syndrome Empty sella syndrome
    Empty sella syndrome is a condition in which the pituitary gland shrinks or becomes flattened. Causes The pituitary gland is a small gland located at the base of the brain. It sits in a saddle-like compartment in the skull called the "sella turcica," which in Latin means "Turkish saddle." When the ...
  5. Empyema Empyema
    Empyema is a collection of pus in the space between the lung and the inside of the chest wall (pleural space). Causes Empyema is caused by an infection that spreads from the lung. It leads to a buildup of pus in the pleural space. There can be a pint or more of infected fluid. This fluid puts press...
  6. Encephalitis Encephalitis
    Encephalitis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain, usually due to infections. See also: Meningitis Causes Encephalitis is most often caused by a viral infection. Many types of viruses may cause it. Exposure to viruses can occur through: Breathing in respiratory droplets from an ...
  7. Encopresis Encopresis
    Encopresis is the voluntary or involuntary passage of stools in a child who has been toilet trained (typically over age 4), which causes the soiling of clothes. See also: Bowel incontinence Causes Encopresis is frequently is associated with constipation and fecal impaction. Often, hard fecal mater...
  8. End-stage kidney disease End-stage kidney disease
    End-stage kidney disease is the complete, or almost complete failure of the kidneys to function. The kidneys can no longer remove wastes, concentrate urine, and regulate many other important body functions. Causes End-stage kidney disease occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to function at a ...
  9. Endocardial cushion defect Endocardial cushion defect
    Endocardial cushion defect (ECD) is an abnormal heart condition in which the walls separating all four chambers of the heart are poorly formed or absent. It is a congenital heart disease, which means it is present from birth. Causes Endocardial cushion defect occurs while a baby is still growing in...
  10. Endocarditis Endocarditis
    Endocarditis is inflammation of the inside lining of the heart chambers and heart valves (endocardium). See also: Culture-negative endocarditis Infective endocarditis Causes Endocarditis can involve the heart muscle, heart valves, or lining of the heart. Most people who develop endocarditis h...
  11. Endocervical gram stain Endocervical gram stain
    Endocervical gram stain is a method of identifying bacteria on tissue from the cervix using a special series of stains. How the Test is Performed The health care provider will obtain a tissue sample from the lining of the cervical canal (the opening to the uterus). You lie on your back with your fe...
  12. Endocrine glands Endocrine glands
    Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream. Endocrine glands include the: Adrenal Hypothalamus Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas Ovaries Parathyroid Pineal Pituitary Testes Thyroid Information When a gland releases a substance, it is called secretion. Hypersecretion is when to...
  13. Endometrial biopsy Endometrial biopsy
    Endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which a tissue sample is taken from the lining of the uterus (endometrium), and is checked under a microscope for any abnormal cells or signs of cancer. How the Test is Performed This procedure may be done with or without anesthesia. You will lie on your back wi...
  14. Endometrial cancer Endometrial cancer
    Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus (womb). Causes Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer. Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to play a role. Estrogen helps stimulate ...
  15. Endometriosis Endometriosis
    Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that behaves like the cells lining the uterus (endometrium) grows in other areas of the body, causing pain, irregular bleeding, and possible infertility. The tissue growth (implant) typically occurs in the pelvic area, outside of the uterus, on the ov...