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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «E»:

  1. Episcleritis Episcleritis
    Episcleritis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the episclera, a thin layer of tissue covering the sclera of the eye. Causes The sclera is made up of tissue fibers that form the strong white wall of the eye. It is covered by the episclera, a thin layer of tissue that contains many blood v...
  2. Episiotomy Episiotomy
    Episiotomy is a procedure in which the skin between the vagina and anus is cut. (This area is called the perineum.) Episiotomy is done occasionally to enlarge the vaginal opening so that a baby can be more easily delivered. Description Just before the baby is born, the obstetrician numbs the vagina...
  3. Epispadias Epispadias
    Epispadias is a rare congenital (present from birth) defect located at the opening of the urethra. In this condition, the urethra does not develop into a full tube and the urine exits the body from an abnormal location. Causes The causes of epispadias are unknown at this time. Itmay be related to ...
  4. Epithelium Epithelium
    The term "epithelium" refers to cells that line hollow organs and glands and those that make up the outer surface of the body. Epithelial cells help to protect or enclose organs. Most produce mucus or other secretions. Certain types of epithelial cells have tiny hairs called cilia, which help remove...
  5. Epstein pearls Epstein pearls
    Epstein pearls are whitish-yellow cysts that form on the gums and roof of the mouth in a newborn baby. See also: Milia Causes Epstein pearls occur only in the newborn and are very common. They are seen in approximately 80% of newborns. The pearls are protein-filled cysts. The condition is harmless...
  6. Epstein-Barr virus test Epstein-Barr virus test
    Epstein-Barr virus test is a blood test to detect antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antigens. See also: Monospot test How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicin...
  7. ERCP ERCP
    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure used to identify stones, tumors, or narrowing in the bile ducts. The procedure is done through an endoscope. How the Test is Performed An intravenous (IV) line is placed in your arm. You will lie on your stomach or on your left si...
  8. Erection problems Erection problems
    An erection problem is the inability to get or maintain an erection that is firm enough for a man to have satisfactory intercourse. You may be unable to get an erection at all, or you may lose the erection during intercourse before you are ready. If the condition persists, the medical term is erecti...
  9. Erection self-test Erection self-test
    An erection self-test is a method to determines a man's ability or inability to achieve an erection during sleep. How the Test is Performed A strip of four to six postage stamps (any kind) is used for each test. The test needs to be done for 3 nights. The man needs to wear brief-type undershorts th...
  10. Erosion Erosion
    Erosion is a breakdown of the outer layers of the skin, usually because of a cut, scrape, or inflammation. See also: Ulcers ...
  11. Erysipelas Erysipelas
    Erysipelas is a type of skin infection (cellulitis). Causes Erysipelas is usually caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. The condition may affect both children and adults. Risk factors include: A cut in the skin Problems with drainage through the veins or lymph system Skin sores (ulcers) In th...
  12. Erysipeloid Erysipeloid
    Erysipeloid is inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) due to bacteria. Causes Erysipeloid is an infection caused by the bacteria, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. This type of bacteria is found in fish, birds, mammals, and shellfish. It usually affects people who work with these animals (such as farmer...
  13. Erythema multiforme Erythema multiforme
    Erythema multiforme is a skin disorder due to an allergic reaction or infection. Causes Erythema multiforme is a type of allergic reaction that occurs in response to medications, infections, or illness. Medications include: Barbiturates Penicillins Phenytoin Sulfonamides Infections include: Her...
  14. Erythema toxicum Erythema toxicum
    Erythema toxicum is a common, noncancerous skin condition seen in newborns. Causes Erythema toxicum may appear in 50 percent or more of all normal newborn infants. It usually appears in term infants between the ages of 3 days and 2 weeks. Its cause is unknown. The condition may be present in the fi...
  15. Erythroblastosis fetalis Erythroblastosis fetalis
    Erythroblastosis fetalis is a potentially life-threatening blood disorder in a fetus or newborn infant. This article provides a general overview. For more detailed information see the specific disorder: ABO incompatibility Rh incompatibility Causes Erythroblastosis fetalis develops in an unbo...