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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «E»:

  1. Erythroplasia of Queyrat Erythroplasia of Queyrat
    Erythroplasia of Queyrat is an early form of skin cancer found on the penis. The cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Causes The condition is typically found in men who have not had the foreskin of the penis surgically removed (circumcision). Symptoms The main symptoms are a red rash a...
  2. Erythropoietin test Erythropoietin test
    The erythropoietin test measures the amount of a hormone called erythropoietin ((EPO) in blood. The hormone acts on stem cells in the bone marrow to increase the production of red blood cells. It is made by cells in the kidney, which release the hormone when oxygen levels are low. See also: Reticulo...
  3. Eschar Eschar
    Eschar is dead tissue that sheds from healthy skin. It is caused by a burn or cauterization. An escharotic is a substance (such as acids, alkalies, carbon dioxide, or metallic salts) that causes the tissue to die and shed....
  4. Esophageal atresia Esophageal atresia
    Esophageal atresia is a disorder of the digestive system in which the esophagus does not develop properly. The esophagus is the tube that normally carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Causes Esophageal atresia is a congenital defect, which means it occurs before birth. There are several type...
  5. Esophageal cancer Esophageal cancer
    Esophageal cancer is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the esophagus, the muscular tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach. See also: Barrett's esophagus Causes Esophageal cancer is relatively uncommon in the United States. It occurs most often in men over 50 years old. Two main types of...
  6. Esophageal culture Esophageal culture
    Esophageal culture is a laboratory test that checks for infection-causing substances in a sample of tissue from esophagus. How the Test is Performed A sample of tissue from your esophagus is needed. For information on how this is done, see esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The sample is sent to a l...
  7. Esophageal manometry Esophageal manometry
    Esophageal manometry is a test to measure the pressure inside the lower part of the esophagus. How the Test is Performed When you swallow, muscles in your esophagus contract to help push food toward your stomach. Valves, or sphincters, inside the esophagus open to let food and liquid through, and t...
  8. Esophageal perforation Esophageal perforation
    An esophageal perforation is a hole in the esophagus, the tube through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach. Causes A perforation is a hole through which the contents of the esophagus can pass into the mediastinum, the surrounding area in the chest. This often results in infection of the...
  9. Esophageal pH monitoring Esophageal pH monitoring
    Esophageal pH monitoring is a test that measures how often and for how long stomach acid enters the tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus). How the Test is Performed A thin tube is passed through your nose or mouth to your stomach. Then it is pulled back into your esophagus. The ...
  10. Esophageal spasm Esophageal spasm
    Esophageal spasms are abnormal contractions of the muscles in the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach). These spasms do not move food effectively to the stomach. Causes The cause of esophageal spasm is unknown. Very hot or very cold foods may trigger an episode in so...
  11. Esophageal stricture - benign Esophageal stricture - benign
    Benign esophageal stricture is a narrowing of the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach) that causes swallowing difficulties. Causes Esophageal stricture can be caused by: Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) Long-term use of a nasogastric (NG) tube (tube through the nose into the stomach) ...
  12. Esophagectomy - discharge Esophagectomy - discharge
    Your esophagus is a tube that moves food from your throat to your stomach. You had surgery to remove part, or all, of your esophagus. The remaining part of your esophagus and your stomach were rejoined. If you had surgery that used a laparoscope, several small incisions (cuts) were made in your bell...
  13. Esophagectomy - minimally invasive Esophagectomy - minimally invasive
    Minimally invasive esophagectomy is surgery to remove part or all of the esophagus, the tube that moves food from your throat to your stomach. After it is removed, the esophagus is rebuilt from part of your stomach or part of your large intestine. Most of the time, esophagectomy is done to treat can...
  14. Esophagectomy - open Esophagectomy - open
    An esophagectomy is surgery to remove part or all of the esophagus, the tube that moves food from your throat to your stomach. After it is removed, the esophagus is rebuilt from part of your stomach or part of your large intestine. Most of the time, esophagectomy is done to treat cancer of the esoph...
  15. Esophagitis Esophagitis
    Esophagitis is a general term for any inflammation, irritation, or swelling of the esophagus, the tube that leads from the back of the mouth to the stomach. See also: Esophagitis Candida Esophagitis CMV Esophagitis herpes Causes Esophagitis is frequently caused by the backflow of acid-conta...