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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «F»:

  1. Face pain Face pain
    Face pain may be dull and throbbing or an intense, stabbing discomfort in one or both sides of the face or forehead. Considerations Pain that starts in the face may be caused by a nerve disorder, an injury, or an infection in a structure of the face. Face pain may also begin elsewhere in the body. ...
  2. Facelift Facelift
    A facelift is a surgical procedure to repair sagging, drooping, and wrinkled skin of the face and neck. Description A facelift can be done alone or with nose reshaping, a forehead lift, or eyelid surgery. While you are sleepy (sedated) and pain-free (local anesthesia), or deep asleep and pain-free ...
  3. Facial nerve palsy Facial nerve palsy
    Facial nerve palsy is a nervous system disorder in which a damaged nerve in the skull affects the movement of the muscles of the face. It is a form of cranial mononeuropathy VII. See also: Bell's palsy (another form of cranial mononeuropathy VII) Mononeuropathy Causes Facial nerve palsy occurs...
  4. Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma
    Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma is the loss of controllable (voluntary) muscle movement in an infant's face due to pressure on the facial nerve just before or at the time of delivery. Causes The infant's facial nerve (also called the seventh cranial nerve) can be damaged just before or at th...
  5. Facial paralysis Facial paralysis
    Facial paralysis is the total loss of voluntary muscle movement of one side of the face. Considerations About 75% of all adult facial paralysis cases are due to Bell's palsy, a condition in which the facial nerve becomes inflamed. Stroke may cause facial paralysis. When stroke is the cause of facia...
  6. Facial swelling Facial swelling
    Facial swelling is the build-up of fluid in the tissues of the face. Swelling may also affect the neck and upper arms. Considerations If the facial swelling is mild, it may be hard to detect. To assist the health care provider in diagnosing the cause, it is important to note the following: Pain, a...
  7. Facial tics Facial tics
    A facial tic is a repeated spasm, often involving the eyes and muscles of the face. Causes Tics most often occur in children, but may last into adulthood in some cases. Tics occur three to four times as often in boys as girls. Tics may affect as many as one-fourth of all children at some time. The ...
  8. Facial trauma Facial trauma
    Facial trauma is any injury of the face and upper jaw bone (maxilla). Causes Blunt or penetrating trauma can cause injury to the area of the face that includes the upper jaw (maxilla). Common causes of injury to the face include: Automobile accidents Penetrating injuries Violence Symptoms Change...
  9. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is progressive muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue. See also: Muscular dystrophy Causes Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy affects the upper body, unlike Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy, which affect the lower body. Faciosc...
  10. Factitious hyperthyroidism Factitious hyperthyroidism
    Factitious hyperthyroidism is higher than normal thyroid hormone levels that occur from taking too much thyroid hormone medication. Causes The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). In most cases of hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland itself produces too much o...
  11. Factor II assay Factor II assay
    The factor II assay is a test to measure the activity of factor II -- one of the substances involved in blood clotting (coagulation). How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The area is cleaned with germ-killing m...
  12. Factor II deficiency Factor II deficiency
    Factor II deficiency is a blood clotting (coagulation) problem that occurs when there is a lack of a substance (prothrombin) that is needed for blood to clot. Causes When you bleed, the body launches a series of reactions that help the blood clot. The process involves special proteins called coagul...
  13. Factor IX assay Factor IX assay
    The factor IX assay is a blood test that measures the activity of factor IX -- one of the substances involved in blood clotting (coagulation). How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The area is cleaned with germ-...
  14. Factor V assay Factor V assay
    The factor V assay is a blood test to measure the activity of factor V -- one of the substances involved in blood clotting (coagulation). How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The area is cleaned with germ-killi...
  15. Factor V deficiency Factor V deficiency
    Factor V deficiency is an inherited condition that affects the ability of the blood to clot. Causes Normal blood coagulation is a complex process involving as many as 20 different proteins in blood plasma, which are known as blood coagulation factors. A series of complex chemical reactions using th...