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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «F»:

  1. Fibrous dysplasia Fibrous dysplasia
    Fibrous dysplasia is a bone disease that destroys and replaces normal bone with fibrous bone tissue. One or more bones can be affected. Causes Fibrous dysplasia occurs in childhood, usually between ages 3 - 15. The condition does not run in families (not hereditary), and the cause is unknown. Sympt...
  2. Fifth disease Fifth disease
    Fifth disease is an illness caused by a virus that leads to a rash on the cheeks, arms, and legs. Causes Fifth disease is caused by human parvovirus B19. It often affects preschoolers or school-age children during the spring. The disease is spread by contact with respiratory secretions and usually ...
  3. Fine motor control Fine motor control
    Fine motor control is the coordination of muscular, bone (skeletal), and neurological functions to produce small, precise movements. The opposite of fine motor control is gross (large, general) motor control. An example of fine motor control is picking up a small item with index finger and thumb. An...
  4. Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid
    A fine needle aspiration of the thyroid gland is a procedure to remove thyroid cells for examination. The thyroid is located in front of the trachea (windpipe) at the top of the neck. How the Test is Performed This test may be done in the health care provider's office or in a hospital. Usually numb...
  5. Finger pain Finger pain
    Finger pain is defined as pain in one or more fingers. Considerations Nearly everyone has injured a finger at sometime during their life. After an injury, the finger can remain a bit crooked or stiff. However, your hand can still work quite well with minor deformities. Fingers do not need to open o...
  6. Fingers that change color Fingers that change color
    Fingers or toes may change color when they are exposed to cold temperatures or stress or when there is a problem with their blood supply. Causes Raynaud's phenomenon - sudden change in the finger color ranges from pale to red to blue Peripheral artery disease Buerger's disease Cryoglobulinemia Fro...
  7. Fire ants Fire ants
    Fire ants are red-colored insects that sting and deliver a harmful substance, called venom, into your skin. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or ...
  8. First aid kit First aid kit
    You should make sure that you and your family are prepared to treat common symptoms, injuries, and emergencies. By planning ahead, you can create a well-stocked home first aid kit. Keep all of your supplies in one location so you know exactly where they are when you need them. The following items ar...
  9. Fishhook removal Fishhook removal
    This article discusses how to remove a fishhook that is stuck in the skin. Causes Fishing accident Symptoms Pain Localized swelling Bleeding First Aid If the barb of the hook has not entered the skin, pull the tip of the hook out in the opposite direction it went in. Otherwise, you can use...
  10. Fistula Fistula
    A fistula is an abnormal connection between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure. Fistulas are usually the result of injury or surgery. It can also result from infection or inflammation. Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, is an example of...
  11. Flank pain Flank pain
    Flank pain refers to pain in one side of the body between the upper abdomen and the back. Considerations Flank pain often means kidney trouble. If flank pain is accompanied by fever, chills, blood in the urine, or frequent or urgent urination, then a kidney problem is the likely cause. See also: Ki...
  12. Fleas Fleas
    Fleas are blood-sucking insects that feed on humans, dog, cats, and other animals. Fleas do not have wings. Causes Fleas prefer to live on dogs and cats, but may also be found on humans and other available animals. Pet owners may not be bothered by fleas until their pet is gone for a lengthy period...
  13. Flu Flu
    The flu is a contagious infection of the nose, throat, and lungs caused by the influenza virus. See also: Swine flu (H1N1) Causes In temperate climates, influenza A usually arrives between early winter and early spring. Influenza B can appear at any time of the year. The most common way to catch th...
  14. Fluid imbalance Fluid imbalance
    A fluid imbalance refers to an abnormal level of fluids in the body. Causes Your body is constantly losing fluids through breathing, sweating, and urinating. If you do not take in enough fluids, you may become dehydrated. Your body may also have a hard time getting rid of fluids, allowing excess fl...
  15. Fluorescein angiography Fluorescein angiography
    Fluorescein angiography is an eye test that uses a special dye and camera to look at blood flow in the retina and choroid, the two layers in the back of the eye. How the Test is Performed Eye drops that make the pupil dilate will be given. You will be asked to place your chin on the camera's chin r...