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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «G»:

  1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms. Causes When you eat, food p...
  2. Gastroesophageal reflux in infants Gastroesophageal reflux in infants
    Gastroesophageal reflux is a condition in which stomach contents leak backward from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach) after eating. This article discusses reflux in infants. Causes When a person eats, food passes from the throat to the stomach through the esoph...
  3. Gastrointestinal bleeding Gastrointestinal bleeding
    Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding refers to any bleeding that starts in the gastrointestinal tract, which extends from the mouth to the anus. The amount of bleeding can range from nearly undetectable to acute, massive, and life threatening. Bleeding may come from any site along the GI tract, but is oft...
  4. Gastrointestinal disorders - resources Gastrointestinal disorders - resources
    The following organizations provide information on gastrointestinal disorders: American College of Gastroenterology - www.acg.gi.org International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (IFFGD) - www.iffgd.org American Liver Foundation - www.liverfoundation.org National Digestive D...
  5. Gastrointestinal fistula Gastrointestinal fistula
    A gastrointestinal fistula is an abnormal opening that allows the contents of the stomach or intestines to leak. If it leaks through to a part of the intestines, it is called an entero-enteral fistula. If it leaks to through to the skin, it is called an enterocutaneous fistula. Causes Most gastro...
  6. Gastrointestinal perforation Gastrointestinal perforation
    Gastrointestinal perforation is a hole that develops through the entire wall of the stomach, small intestine, large bowel, or gallbladder. This condition is a medical emergency. Causes Gastrointestinal perforation can be caused by a variety of illnesses, including appendicitis, diverticulitis, ulce...
  7. Gastroparesis Gastroparesis
    Gastroparesis is a condition that affects the ability of the stomach to empty its contents, but there is no blockage (obstruction). Causes The cause of gastroparesis is unknown, but it may be caused by a disruption of nerve signals to the intestine. The condition is a common complication of diabete...
  8. Gastroschisis Gastroschisis
    Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which an infant's intestines stick out of the body through a defect on one side of the umbilical cord. See also: Gastroschisis repair Causes Gastroschisis is a type of hernia. Hernia means "rupture.” Babies with this condition have a hole in the abdominal w...
  9. Gastroschisis repair Gastroschisis repair
    Gastroschisis repair is surgery to correct a birth defect that causes an opening in the skin and muscles covering the belly (abdominal wall). The opening allows intestines and sometimes other organs to bulge outside the belly. The surgeon places the organs back inside the belly and closes the belly ...
  10. Gastrostomy feeding tube Gastrostomy feeding tube
    Your child’s gastrostomy tube or “G-tube” is a special tube in your child’s stomach that will help deliver food and medicines until your child can chew and swallow. Sometimes, it is replaced by a button, called a Bard Button orMIC-KEY, 3 to 8 weeks after surgery. These feed...
  11. Gaucher disease Gaucher disease
    Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disorder in which a person lacks an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. Causes Gaucher disease affects an estimated 1 in 50,000 to 1 in 100,000 people in the general population. Persons of Eastern and Central European (Ashkenazi) Jewish heritage are at highest risk f...
  12. Gender identity disorder Gender identity disorder
    Gender identity disorder is a conflict between a person's actual physical gender and the gender that person identifies himself or herself as. For example, a person identified as a boy may actually feel and act like a girl. The person experiences significant discomfort with the biological sex they we...
  13. General anesthesia General anesthesia
    General anesthesia is medicine that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. When you receive this medicine, you will not be aware of what is happening around you. Description You will receive general anesthesia in a hospital or outpatient office. Most times, a doctor call...
  14. General paresis General paresis
    General paresis is an impairment of mental function caused by damage to the brain from untreated syphilis. Causes General paresis is one form of neurosyphilis. Today it is very rare. The syphilis infection can appear in many different ways and damages many different nerves of the brain. This damage...
  15. Generalized anxiety disorder Generalized anxiety disorder
    Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a pattern of frequent, constant worry and anxiety over many different activities and events. Causes Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common condition. Genes may play a role. Stressful life situations or learned behavior may also contribute to the develop...