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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «I»:

  1. Impetigo Impetigo
    Impetigo is a common skin infection. Causes Impetigo is caused by streptococcus (strep) or staphylococcus (staph) bacteria. Methicillin-resistant staph aureus (MRSA) is becoming a common cause. The skin normally has many types of bacteria on it, but intact skin is an effective barrier that keeps ba...
  2. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator - discharge Implantable cardioverter defibrillator - discharge
    A surgeon made a small incision (cut) in your chest wall and implanted an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) under your skin and muscle. The ICD is the size of a large cookie. Leads, or electrodes, were placed in your heart and were connected to your ICD. The ICD can quickly detect life-th...
  3. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
    An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a device that detects any life-threatening, rapid heartbeat. If such a heartbeat, called an arrhythmia, occurs, the ICD quickly sends an electrical shock to the heart to change the rhythm back to normal. This is called defibrillation. Description A...
  4. Impotence and age Impotence and age
    Question: Do most men have difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection (impotence) as they grow older? Answer: Getting older does not mean you will experience impotence, although in many men, sexual responses may become slower and less intense. For example, it may take longer to achieve an erect...
  5. In vitro fertilization (IVF) In vitro fertilization (IVF)
    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the joining of a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm in a laboratory dish. In vitro means “outside the body.” Fertilization means the sperm has attached to and entered the egg. See also: Infertility Infertility resources Description Normally...
  6. Inborn errors of metabolism Inborn errors of metabolism
    Inborn errors of metabolism are rare genetic disorders in which the body cannot properly turn food into energy. The disorders are usually caused by defects in specific proteins (enzymes) that help break down (metabolize) parts of food. See: Newborn screening tests Side Effects A food product that...
  7. Incontinence - resources Incontinence - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence: International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders - www.aboutincontinence.org National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse - http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddise...
  8. Incontinentia pigmenti Incontinentia pigmenti
    Incontinentia pigmenti is skin condition passed down through families. It leads to unusual blistering and changes in skin color. See also: Incontinentia pigmenti achromians Causes Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is caused by a genetic defect. In most cases, there is a problem with one of the genes loc...
  9. Incontinentia pigmenti achromians Incontinentia pigmenti achromians
    Incontinentia pigmenti achromians is a rare birth defect that causes unusual patches of light-colored (hypopigmented) skin and possible neurological and skeletal problems. See also: Hypopigmentation Causes The cause is unknown. It is slightly more common in girls than in boys. Symptoms Crossed e...
  10. Increased head circumference Increased head circumference
    Increased head circumference is when the measured distance around the widest part of the skull is larger than expected for the child's age and background. Considerations A newborn's head is usually about 2 centimeters larger than the chest size. Between 6 months and 2 years, both measurements are a...
  11. Increased intracranial pressure Increased intracranial pressure
    Increased intracranial pressure is a rise in the pressure inside the skull that can result from or cause brain injury. Causes Increased intracranial pressure can be due to a rise in cerebrospinal fluid pressure. It can also be due to increased pressure within the brain matter caused by a mass (such...
  12. Indigestion Indigestion
    Indigestion is a vague feeling of abdominal discomfort -- possibly including belching, heartburn, a feeling of fullness, bloating, and nausea. Considerations Indigestion is usually not a serious health problem, unless other symptoms also occur such as weight loss or trouble swallowing. Indigestion ...
  13. Indomethacin overdose Indomethacin overdose
    Indomethacin is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Indomethacin overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual...
  14. Industrial bronchitis Industrial bronchitis
    Industrial bronchitis is swelling (inflammation) of the large airways of the lungs that occurs in some people who work around certain dusts, fumes, smoke, or other substances. See also: Acute bronchitis Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis Causes Exposure to dusts, fumes, strong acids, and other chemi...
  15. Indwelling catheter care Indwelling catheter care
    You have an indwelling catheter (tube) in your bladder. "Indwelling" means inside your body. This catheter drains urine from your bladder into a bag outside your body. Common reasons to have an indwelling catheter are urinary incontinence (leakage), urinary retention (not being able to urinate), sur...