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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «I»:

  1. Inguinal hernia repair Inguinal hernia repair
    Inguinal hernia repair is surgery to repair a hernia in the abdominal wall of your groin. A hernia is tissue that bulges out of a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Your intestines may bulge out through this weakened area. During hernia repair, this bulging tissue is pushed back in. Your abdominal wal...
  2. Inhalation anthrax Inhalation anthrax
    Inhalation (or respiratory) anthrax is an infectious disease brought on by breathing in the spores of the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Causes Anthrax commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats, but humans can get sick from anthrax, too. The main risk factor for getting anthrax is some ...
  3. Inhibited sexual desire Inhibited sexual desire
    Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) refers to a low level of sexual interest. A person with ISD will not start, or respond to their partner's desire for, sexual activity. ISD can be primary (in which the person has never felt much sexual desire or interest), or secondary (in which the person used to feel ...
  4. Injury - kidney and ureter Injury - kidney and ureter
    Injury to the kidney and ureter is damage to these organs of the upper urinary tract. Causes The kidneys are located in the flank (back of the upper abdomen at either side of the spinal column). They are deep in the abdomen and are protected by the spine, lower rib cage, and strong muscles of the b...
  5. Insect bites and stings Insect bites and stings
    Insect bites and stings can cause an immediate skin reaction. The bite from fire ants and the sting from bees, wasps, and hornets are usually painful. Bites caused by mosquitoes, fleas, and mites are more likely to cause itching than pain. Considerations In most cases, bites and stings can be easil...
  6. Insecticide poisoning Insecticide poisoning
    Insecticide is a chemical that kills bugs. Insecticide poisoning occurs when someone swallows or breathes in this substance. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number ...
  7. Insomnia Insomnia
    Insomnia is difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep, or having nonrefreshing sleep for at least 1 month. Causes Primary insomnia refers to insomnia that is not caused by any known physical or mental condition. Insomnia is caused by many different things. The most common causes of insomnia are...
  8. Insomnia concerns Insomnia concerns
    Insomnia is difficulty falling or staying asleep. In many cases, it can be relieved with a few simple behavioral changes. Sometimes, medication is needed but usually behavioral changes should be tried first. Talk with your health care provider if any of the following symptoms occur often enough to ...
  9. Insulin C-peptide Insulin C-peptide
    Insulin C-peptide is a blood test that measures the amount of C-peptide, a byproduct created when the hormone insulin is produced. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually on the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medici...
  10. Insulinoma Insulinoma
    An insulinoma is a tumor in the pancreas that produces too much insulin. Causes The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen that makes several enzymes and hormones, including the hormone insulin. Insulin is needed to control blood sugar levels. Tumors of the pancreas that produce too much insulin are c...
  11. Intercostal retractions Intercostal retractions
    Intercostal retractions are the inward movement of the muscles between the ribs as a result of reduced pressure in the chest cavity. The movements are usually a sign of difficulty with breathing. Considerations The chest wall is flexible, which allows for normal breathing. Cartilage that attaches t...
  12. Intersex Intersex
    Intersex is a group of conditions where there is a discrepancy between the external genitals and the internal genitals (the testes and ovaries). The older term for this condition, hermaphroditism, came from joining the names of a Greek god and goddess, Hermes and Aphrodite. Hermes was a god of ma...
  13. Interstitial cystitis Interstitial cystitis
    Interstitial cystitis is a long-term (chronic) inflammation of the bladder wall. Causes Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful condition due to inflammation of the tissues of the bladder wall. The cause is unknown. The condition is usually diagnosed by ruling out other conditions (such as sexually...
  14. Interstitial keratitis Interstitial keratitis
    Interstitial keratitis is inflammation of the tissue of the cornea, the clear window on the front of the eye. The condition can lead to vision loss. Causes Interstitial keratitis is a serious condition in which blood vessels grow into the cornea. Such growth can cause loss of the normal clearness o...
  15. Interstitial lung disease - adults - discharge Interstitial lung disease - adults - discharge
    You were in the hospital to treat your breathing problems that are caused by interstitial lung disease. This disease scars your lungs, which makes it hard for your body to get enough oxygen. You received oxygen treatment, and you may need to keep using oxygen when you go home. Your doctor may have g...