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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «I»:

  1. Interstitial nephritis Interstitial nephritis
    Interstitial nephritis is a kidney disorder in which the spaces between the kidney tubules become swollen (inflamed). The inflammation can affect the kidneys' function, including their ability to filter waste. Causes Interstitial nephritis may be temporary (acute) or it may be long-lasting ( chroni...
  2. Intertrigo Intertrigo
    Intertrigo is inflammation that tends to occur in warm, moist areas of the body where two skin surfaces rub or press against each other. Such areas are called "skin folds." Causes Intertrigo affects the top layers of skin. It is caused by moisture, bacteria, yeast, or fungus in the folds of the ski...
  3. Intestinal ischemia and infarction Intestinal ischemia and infarction
    Intestinal ischemia and infarction is damage to (ischemia) or death of (infarction) part of the intestine due to a decrease in its blood supply. Causes There are several possible causes of intestinal ischemia and infarction. Hernia: If the intestine moves into the wrong place or becomes tangled, th...
  4. Intestinal leiomyoma Intestinal leiomyoma
    A leiomyoma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor made up mostly of smooth muscle cells. It is called an intestinal leiomyoma when the tumor is located in the intestinal tract. Alternative Names Leiomyoma - intestine ...
  5. Intestinal obstruction Intestinal obstruction
    Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that results in the failure of the intestinal contents to pass through. Causes Obstruction of the bowel may due to: A mechanical cause, which simply means something is in the way Ileus, a condition in which the bowel doesn't wor...
  6. Intestinal obstruction repair Intestinal obstruction repair
    Intestinal obstruction repair is surgery to relieve a bowel obstruction. A bowel obstruction is when the contents of the intestines cannot pass through and exit the body. A complete obstruction is a surgical emergency. See also: Large bowel resection Small bowel resection Description Intestin...
  7. Intestinal or bowel obstruction - discharge Intestinal or bowel obstruction - discharge
    You were in the hospital for treatment of an obstruction (blockage) in your bowel (intestine). While in the hospital, you received intravenous fluids. You also may have had a tube placed through your nose and into your stomach. You may have received antibiotics. If you did not have surgery, your doc...
  8. Intra-abdominal abscess Intra-abdominal abscess
    An intra-abdominal abscess is a pocket of infected fluid and pus located inside the belly (abdominal cavity). There may be more than one abscess. Causes An intra-abdominal abscess can be caused by a ruptured appendix, ruptured intestinal diverticulum, inflammatory bowel disease, parasite infection ...
  9. Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS)
    Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) is an invasive test that allows doctors to determine the details of abnormal heartbeats, or arrhythmias. See also: Cardiac ablation procedures How the Test is Performed The study involves placing wire electrodes in the heart to measure electrical activity...
  10. Intracranial pressure monitoring Intracranial pressure monitoring
    Intracranial pressure monitoring uses a device, placed inside the head, which senses the pressure inside the skull and sends its measurements to a recording device. How the Test is Performed There are three ways to monitor pressure in the skull (intracranial pressure): A thin, flexible tube thread...
  11. Intraductal papilloma Intraductal papilloma
    Intraductal papilloma is a small, noncancerous (benign) tumor that grows in a milk duct of the breast. Causes Intraductal papilloma occurs most often in women ages 35 - 55. The causes and risk factors are unknown. Symptoms Breast enlargement Breast lump Breast pain Nipple discharge Exams an...
  12. Intrauterine growth restriction Intrauterine growth restriction
    Intrauterine growth restriction refers to the poor growth of a baby while in the womb. Specifically, it refers to a fetus whose weight is below the 10th percentile for its gestational age. Causes Many different things can lead to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). An unborn baby may not get en...
  13. Intravascular ultrasound Intravascular ultrasound
    Intravascular ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to see inside the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply the heart. Description A tiny ultrasound wand is attached to the top of a tiny, hollow tube called a catheter. This ultrasound catheter is inserted into an artery in your groin...
  14. Intravenous pyelogram Intravenous pyelogram
    An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a special x-ray examination of the kidneys, bladder, and ureters (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder). How the Test is Performed An IVP is done in a hospital radiology department or a health care provider’s office by an x-ray technici...
  15. Intraventricular hemorrhage of the newborn Intraventricular hemorrhage of the newborn
    Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) of the newborn is bleeding into the fluid-filled areas (ventricles) surrounded by the brain. The condition is most often seen in premature babies. Causes Infants born before 30 weeks of pregnancy are at highest risk for such bleeding. The smaller and more prematur...