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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «J»:

  1. Jack-in-the-pulpit poisoning Jack-in-the-pulpit poisoning
    A Jack-in-the-pulpit is a plant belonging to the species Arisaema triphyllum. This article describes poisoning caused by eating parts of this plant. The roots are the most dangerous part of the plant. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exp...
  2. Jackson-Pratt drain Jackson-Pratt drain
    A Jackson-Pratt (JP) drain is used to remove fluids that build up in areas of your body after surgery or when you have an infection. The JP drain is made up of 2 parts: A thin rubber tube A soft round squeeze bulb The rubber tube is placed in the area of your body where fluids may build up. The ot...
  3. Jaundice - yellow skin Jaundice - yellow skin
    Jaundice is a yellow color in the skin, mucus membranes, or eyes. The yellow pigment is from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. Jaundice is also a symptom of other disorders. This article is about jaundice in children and adults. See also: Newborn jaundice for information about babies C...
  4. Jaundice-associated conditions Jaundice-associated conditions
    Jaundice-associated conditions are diseases or conditions that cause yellow skin (jaundice). Causes Jaundice is a sign of liver, gallbladder, or certain blood disorders. The skin and the eyes become yellow due to the buildup of bilirubin in the skin and "white" of the eye (sclera). Conditions assoc...
  5. Jaw - broken or dislocated Jaw - broken or dislocated
    A broken jaw is a break in the jaw bone. A dislocated jaw means the lower part of the jaw has moved out of its normal position at one or both joints where the jaw bone connects to the skull (temporomandibular joints). Considerations A broken or dislocated jaw usually heals completely after treatmen...
  6. Jaw pain and heart attacks Jaw pain and heart attacks
    Question: Can pain in the jaw or teeth be an indication of a heart attack? Answer: Sometimes. Heart pain can radiate to the jaw and teeth. It is more common for heart-related discomfort to affect the lower jaw than the upper jaw. It cannot be emphasized enough that a heart attack can have symptoms o...
  7. Jejunostomy feeding tube Jejunostomy feeding tube
    Your child’s jejunostomy tube is a special tube in the small intestine that delivers food and medicine. With this help, your child will grow stronger and healthier. It is important to take good care of the skin around the tube so that your child does not get an infection or skin irritation. Y...
  8. Jellyfish stings Jellyfish stings
    Jellyfish are sea creatures that have a nearly see-through (transparent) body with long finger-like structures called tentacles. Stinging cells inside the tentacles can hurt you if you come in contact with them. Some stings can cause serious harm. This is for information only and not for use in the ...
  9. Jerusalem cherry poisoning Jerusalem cherry poisoning
    The Jerusalem cherry is a plant that belongs to the same family as the deadly nightshade. It has small, round, red and orange fruit. Jerusalem cherry poisoning occurs when someone eats pieces of this plant. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual pois...
  10. Jet lag prevention Jet lag prevention
    Jet lag is a sleep disorder that occurs when the body's biological clock does not correspond to local time. This is common when traveling across different time zones. Information Here are some tips to help prevent jet lag: Maintain a sensible bedtime schedule before your trip. Don't avoid sleeping...
  11. Jimsonweed poisoning Jimsonweed poisoning
    Jimsonweed is a tall herb plant. Jimsonweed poisoning occurs when someone sucks the juice or eats the seeds from this plant. You can also be poisoned by drinking tea made from the leaves. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you...
  12. Jock itch Jock itch
    Jock itch, also called tinea cruris or ringworm of the groin, is an infection of the groin area caused by fungus. Causes The body normally hosts a variety of bacteria and fungi. Some of these are useful to the body. Others can multiply rapidly and form infections. Jock itch occurs when a particular...
  13. Joint fluid Gram stain Joint fluid Gram stain
    Joint fluid Gram stain is a laboratory test to identify bacteria in a sample of joint fluid using a special series of stains (colors). The Gram stain method is one of the most commonly used methods to rapidly diagnose bacterial infections. How the Test is Performed A sample of joint fluid is needed...
  14. Joint pain Joint pain
    Joint pain can affect one or more joints. See also: Arthritis (inflammation of joints) Bursitis Muscle pain Considerations Joint pain can be caused by many types of injuries or conditions. No matter what causes it, joint pain can be very bothersome. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune dis...
  15. Joint swelling Joint swelling
    Joint swelling is the buildup of fluid in the soft tissue surrounding the joint. Considerations Joint swelling may occur along with joint pain. The swelling may cause the joint to appear larger or abnormally shaped. Joint swelling can cause pain or stiffness. After an injury, swelling of the joint ...