Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «K»:
Kidney removal - discharge
You had surgery to remove part of one kidney, all of one kidney, or a kidney, the lymph nodes near it, and your adrenal gland.
You may have an 8- to 12-inch surgical cut over your belly or along your side. If you had laparoscopic surgery, you may have three or four small cuts.
What to Expect at Hom...
A kidney stone is a solid mass made up of tiny crystals. One or more stones can be in the kidney or ureter at the same time.
See also: Cystinuria
Kidney stones can form when urine contains too much of certain substances. These substances can create small crystals that become stones.
Kidney stones - lithotripsy - discharge
You had lithotripsy, a medical procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in your kidney, bladder, or ureter (tube that carries urine from your kidneys to your bladder). The waves break the stones into tiny pieces.
What to Expect at Home
It is normal to have a small amount of blood in your...
Kidney stones - self-care
You visited your doctor or the hospital because you have a kidney stone. You doctor will ask you to take some self-care steps that depend on the type of stone you have.
Your doctor may:
Ask you to drink extra water and other liquids
Ask you to eat more of some foods and to cut back on other foods
Kidney stones - what to ask your doctor
You have or had a kidney stone, a solid piece of material that forms in your kidney. The kidney stone may be stuck in your ureters (the tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder). It also may be stuck in your bladder or urethra (the tube that carries urine from your bladder to outside...
A kidney transplant is surgery to place a healthy kidney into a person with kidney failure.
Kidney transplants are one of the most common transplant operations in the United States.
One donated kidney is needed to replace the work previously done by your kidneys.
The donated kidney may ...
Kinins are proteins in the blood that affect certain muscle contractions and blood pressure (especially low blood pressure).
Increase blood flow throughout the body
Make it easier for fluids to pass through small blood vessels (capillaries)
Stimulate pain receptors
Are part of a complex ...
Klinefelter syndrome is the presence of an extra X chromosome in a male.
Humans have 46 chromosomes. Chromosomes contain all of your genes and DNA, the building blocks of the body. The two sex chromosomes determine if you become a boy or a girl. Females normally have two of the same sex chro...
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is a rare condition that is present at birth. The syndrome usually involves port wine stains, excess growth of bones and soft tissue, and varicose veins.
Most cases of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome occur for no apparent reason. However, a few cases are thought to be p...
Knee arthroscopy - discharge
You had knee arthroscopy, which is surgery to check for problems in your knee. You may have been checked for:
A torn meniscus. Meniscus is cartilage that cushions the space between the bones in the knee. Surgery is done to repair or remove it.
A torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or p...
Knee CT scan
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the knee is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create detailed pictures of the knee.
How the Test is Performed
You will be asked to lie on a narrow table that slides into the center of the CT scanner. You will lie on your back.
Once you are inside the scanner, ...
Knee joint replacement
Knee joint replacement is surgery to replace a knee joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis.
You may receive general anesthesia before this surgery. This means you will be unconscious and unable to feel pain. Or, you may have a spinal or epidural ane...
Knee joint replacement - discharge
You had knee joint replacement surgery to replace all or part of the bones that make up your knee joint. Your surgeon removed and reshaped your damaged bones, then put your new artificial knee joint in place. You received pain medicine and learned how to take care your new knee joint.
What to Expec...
Knee microfracture surgery
Knee microfracture surgery is a common procedure used to repair damaged knee cartilage. Cartilage is the material that helps cushion the area where bones meet in the joints. Often, athletes have this procedure.
Three different types of anesthesia may be used for knee arthroscopy surgery...
Knee MRI scan
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the knee is a noninvasive way to take pictures of the knee joint and surrounding muscles and other tissues.
Unlike x-rays and computed tomographic (CT) scans, which use radiation, MRI uses powerful magnets and radio waves. The MRI scanner contains the magn...