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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Plantar fasciitis Plantar fasciitis
    Plantar fasciitis is irritation and swelling of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. Causes The plantar fascia is a very thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. This band of tissue is what creates the arch of the foot. When the fascia is overstretched or overused, it ca...
  2. Plaque and tartar on teeth Plaque and tartar on teeth
    You should get specific instructions from your dentist or hygienist on how to correctly brush and floss. But in general, recommendations for preventing and removing tartar or plaque on your teeth include: Brush at least twice a day with a brush that is not too large for your mouth and that has soft...
  3. Plasma amino acids Plasma amino acids
    Plasma amino acids is a screening test done on infants that looks at the amounts of amino acids in the blood. Amino acids are the building blocks for proteins in the body. See also: Amino acids - urine Inborn errors of metabolism Newborn screening tests How the Test is Performed A blood sam...
  4. Platelet aggregation test Platelet aggregation test
    The platelet aggregation test checks to see how well platelets, a part of blood, clump together and cause blood clotting. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (ant...
  5. Platelet associated antibodies Platelet associated antibodies
    A test for platelet-associated antibodies shows whether you have antibodies that are directed against platelets in your blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The area is cleaned with germ-killing medicine...
  6. Platelet count Platelet count
    A platelet count is a test to measure how many platelets you have in your blood. Platelets help the blood clot. They are smaller than red or white blood cells. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is c...
  7. Plethysmography Plethysmography
    Plethysmography is a test used to measure changes in blood flow or air volume in different parts of the body. It may be done to check for blood clots in the arms and legs, or to measure how much air you can hold in your lungs. Penile pulse volume recording is a type of plethysmography done on the pe...
  8. Pleural effusion Pleural effusion
    A pleural effusion is an accumulation of fluid between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity. Causes Your body produces pleural fluid in small amounts to lubricate the surfaces of the pleura, the thin tissue that lines the chest cavity and surrounds the lungs. A pleural effusion...
  9. Pleural fluid analysis Pleural fluid analysis
    Pleural fluid analysis examines fluid that has collected in the pleural space -- the small area outside of the lungs but inside the chest cavity. See also: Pleural effusion How the Test is Performed A procedure called thoracentesis is used to get a sample of pleural fluid. The health care provider...
  10. Pleural fluid culture Pleural fluid culture
    Pleural fluid culture is a test that looks at a sample of fluid from the space around the lungs to find and identify disease-causing microorganisms. How the Test is Performed A procedure called thoracentesis is done to obtain a sample of pleural fluid. The health care provider cleans a small area o...
  11. Pleural fluid Gram stain Pleural fluid Gram stain
    The pleural fluid Gram stain is a test to diagnose bacterial infections in the lungs. How the Test is Performed Pleural fluid is found in the space around the lungs. In a variety of diseases, an abnormal amount of pleural fluid builds up in the lungs. A sample of the pleural fluid is needed for thi...
  12. Pleural fluid smear Pleural fluid smear
    Pleural fluid smear is a laboratory procedure to check for bacteria, fungi, or abnormal cells in the fluid that may be found in the space around the lungs (called a pleural effusion). How the Test is Performed A health care provider examines a sample of pleural fluid under the microscope. If the sm...
  13. Pleural needle biopsy Pleural needle biopsy
    A pleural biopsy is a procedure to remove a sample of the tissue lining the lungs and the inside of the chest wall to check for disease or infection. How the Test is Performed This test does not have to be done in the hospital. It may be done at a clinic or doctor's office. You will be sitting up f...
  14. Pleurisy Pleurisy
    Pleurisy is inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough. Causes Pleurisy may develop when you have lung inflammation due to infections such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. It is often a sign of a viral infecti...
  15. Plummer-Vinson syndrome/esophageal web Plummer-Vinson syndrome/esophageal web
    Plummer-Vinson syndrome is a condition that occurs with long-term (chronic) iron deficiency anemia. People with this condition have difficulty swallowing due to esophageal webs -- small, thin growths of tissue that partially block the food pipe (esophagus). Causes The cause of Plummer-Vinson syndro...