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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine helps protect against mild and severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. This bacteria frequently causes ear infections, meningitis, and pneumonia in children. See also: Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine Information The pneumococcal conjug...
  2. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
    The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine helps protect against severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria frequently causes meningitis and pneumonia in children, older adults, and people with chronic illnesses. Even though it's often called a "pneumonia vaccine," the...
  3. Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
    Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is a fungal infection of the lungs. The disease used to be called Pneumocystis carinii. Causes This type of pneumonia is caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jiroveci. This fungus is common in the environment and does not cause illness in healthy people. However, it ca...
  4. Pneumomediastinum Pneumomediastinum
    Pneumomediastinum is air in the space between the lungs, in the middle of the chest (the mediastinum). Causes Pneumomediastinum is uncommon. It occurs when air leaks from any part of the lung or airways into the mediastinum. Most often, one of the small air sacs (alveoli) ruptures and leaks air. Th...
  5. Pneumonia Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is a respiratory condition in which there is infection of the lung. Community-acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia in people who have not recently been in the hospital or another health care facility (nursing home, rehabilitation facility). See also: Hospital-acquired pneumonia Causes ...
  6. Pneumonia  - children - discharge Pneumonia - children - discharge
    Your child has pneumonia, which is an infection in the lungs. In the hospital, the doctors and nurses helped your child breathe better. They also gave your child medicine to help get rid of the germs that caused the pneumonia. And they made sure your child got enough liquids. What to Expect at Home...
  7. Pneumonia - adults - discharge Pneumonia - adults - discharge
    You have pneumonia, which is an infection in your lungs. In the hospital, your doctors and nurses helped you breathe better. They also gave you medicine to help your body get rid of the germs that caused the pneumonia. And, they made sure you got enough liquids and nutrition. What to Expect at Home...
  8. Pneumonia - weakened immune system Pneumonia - weakened immune system
    Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by many different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This article discusses describes pneumonia that occurs in a person whose ability to fight infection is greatly reduced because their immune system is weakened and not working properly. S...
  9. Pneumothorax - infants Pneumothorax - infants
    Pneumothorax is the collection of air or gas in the space inside the chest around the lungs, which leads to a lung collapse. This article discusses pneumothorax in infants. For information about pneumothorax in older children and adults, see: Pneumothorax Causes A pneumothorax occurs when the tiny...
  10. Poinsettia plant exposure Poinsettia plant exposure
    Poinsettia plants, commonly used during the holidays, are not poisonous. Eating this plant does not usually result in a trip to the hospital. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local ...
  11. Point tenderness - abdomen Point tenderness - abdomen
    Abdominal point tenderness refers to the pain you feel when pressure is applied to a specific part of the belly area (abdomen). Considerations The abdomen is an area of the body a doctor can easily examine by touch. The doctor can feel masses and organs within the belly area and pinpoint where you ...
  12. Poison control center - emergency number Poison control center - emergency number
    For a POISON EMERGENCY call: 1-800-222-1222 ANYWHERE IN THE UNITED STATES This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any...
  13. Poison ivy - oak - sumac Poison ivy - oak - sumac
    Poison ivy, oak, or sumac poisoning is an allergic reaction that results from touching the sap of these plants. The sap may be on the plant, in the ashes of burned plants, on an animal, or on other objects that came in contact with the plant, such as clothing, garden tools, and sports equipment. Sm...
  14. Poison ivy - oak - sumac rash Poison ivy - oak - sumac rash
    Poison ivy, oak, and sumac are plants that commonly cause an allergic skin reaction. The result is typically an itching, red rash with bumps or blisters. Considerations Poison ivy is one of the most frequent causes of skin rash among children and adults who spend time outdoors. The plant can be fou...
  15. Poison ivy itchiness Poison ivy itchiness
    Drying agents such as calamine lotion may help relieve the itchiness caused by poison ivy or rashes. Your doctor may prescribe strong steroids for extra relief. ...