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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Postpartum depression Postpartum depression
    Postpartum depression is moderate to severe depression in a woman after she has given birth. It may occur soon after delivery or up to a year later. Most of the time, it occurs within the first 4 weeks after delivery. Causes Expected Mood Changes Women commonly have mood changes during pregnancy. T...
  2. Postural drainage Postural drainage
    Postural drainage is an important way to treat bronchiolitis (swelling and too much mucus in the airways of the lungs). When you do postural drainage, you get into a position that helps drain fluid out of your lungs. Your doctor may recommend postural drainage for you. It may help: Treat or prevent...
  3. Potassium - urine Potassium - urine
    The potassium urine test measures the amount of potassium in the urine. How the Test is Performed This test may be done with a random urine sample or a 24-hour urine sample. If a 24-hour urine sample is needed: On day 1, urinate into the toilet when you get up in the morning. Afterwards, collect a...
  4. Potassium in diet Potassium in diet
    Potassium is a mineral involved in electrical and cellular body functions. In the body, potassium is classified as an electrolyte. Function Potassium is a very important mineral to the human body. It has various roles in metabolism and body functions and is essential for the proper function of a...
  5. Potassium test Potassium test
    This test measures the amount of potassium in the blood. Potassium (K+) helps nerves and muscles communicate. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. Potassium levels in the body are mainly controlled by the hormone aldosterone. See also: Aldosterone test How the T...
  6. Potato plant poisoning - green tubers and sprouts Potato plant poisoning - green tubers and sprouts
    Potato plant poisoning occurs when someone eats the green tubers or new sprouts of the potato plant. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the Nat...
  7. Potbellies and toddlers Potbellies and toddlers
    Question: Is there any reason to worry about a child's potbelly? Answer: It is generally normal for toddlers to have potbellies. By the time a child reaches school age, the potbelly usually disappears and their bodies seem more proportionate. The belly should feel soft and not tender. There is nothi...
  8. Potter syndrome Potter syndrome
    Potter syndrome and Potter phenotype refers to a group of findings associated with a lack of amniotic fluid and kidney failure in an unborn infant. Causes In Potter syndrome, the primary problem is kidney failure. The kidneys fail to develop properly as the baby is growing in the womb. The kidneys...
  9. PPD skin test PPD skin test
    The PPD skin test is a method used to diagnose tuberculosis (TB). PPD stands for purified protein derivative. How the Test is Performed The test site (usually the forearm) is cleansed with rubbing alcohol. The PPD extract is then injected under the top layer of skin, causing a welt to form on the s...
  10. Prader-Willi syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome
    Prader-Willi syndrome is a congenital (present from birth) disease that involves obesity, decreased muscle tone, decreased mental capacity, and sex glands that produce little or no hormones. Causes Prader-Willi syndrome is caused by a gene missing on part of chromosome 15. Normally, your parents ea...
  11. Preauricular tag or pit Preauricular tag or pit
    An ear (preauricular) tag is a small skin tag or pit in front of the outside part of the ear. Considerations Skin tags and pits just in front of the opening of the outside (external) ear are commonly seen in newborn infants. In most cases, these are normal. However, both preauricular tags and pits ...
  12. Precocious puberty Precocious puberty
    Puberty is the time during which sexual and physical characteristics mature. Precocious puberty is when these body changes happen earlier than normal. Causes Puberty usually begins between ages 10 and 14 for girls, and ages 12 and 16 for boys. Some African American girls may start puberty earlier,...
  13. Preeclampsia Preeclampsia
    Preeclampsia is a pregnancy condition in which high blood pressure and protein in the urine develop after the 20th week (late 2nd or 3rd trimester) of pregnancy. Causes The exact cause of preeclampsia is not known. Possible causes include: Autoimmune disorders Blood vessel problems Diet Genes ...
  14. Pregnancy - health risks Pregnancy - health risks
    You should try to follow healthy habits from the time you are trying to get pregnant all the way through your pregnancy. Do not smoke or use illegal drugs, stop drinking alcohol, and limit caffeine and coffee. Talk to your doctor about any medications you may be taking to see if they can affect your...
  15. Pregnancy - identifying fertile days Pregnancy - identifying fertile days
    Fertile days are the days a woman is most likely to get pregnant. See also: Infertility Information When trying to conceive a baby, many couples plan intercourse around days 11 - 14 of the woman's 28-day cycle. However, it is often difficult to know exactly when ovulation is going to occur. Doctor...