Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Pregnancy and H1N1 (swine) flu Pregnancy and H1N1 (swine) flu
    During pregnancy, a woman's immune system does not respond as well to infections, making you more susceptible to diseases such as H1N1 (swine) flu. You’re more likely than women your age who are not pregnant to become very ill if you contract swine flu. Therefore, you need to take special pre...
  2. Pregnancy care Pregnancy care
    Prior to modern medicine, many mothers and their babies did not survive pregnancy and the birth process. Today, good prenatal care can significantly improve the quality of the pregnancy and the outcome for the infant and mother. Good prenatal care includes: Good nutrition and health habits before a...
  3. Pregnancy test Pregnancy test
    A pregnancy test measures a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). HCG is a hormone produced during pregnancy. It appears in the blood and urine of pregnant women as early as 10 days after conception. See also: HCG - urine HCG - serum - qualitative HCG - serum - quantitative How...
  4. Pregnanediol Pregnanediol
    Pregnanediol is an inactive product that forms when the body breaks down the hormone progesterone. A test can be done to measure the amount of pregnanediol in urine. The urine test offers an indirect way to measure progesterone levels in the body. How the Test is Performed A 24-hour urine sample is...
  5. Premature ejaculation Premature ejaculation
    Premature ejaculation occurs when a man has an orgasm sooner during intercourse than he or his partner wishes. Causes Premature ejaculation is a common complaint. It is only rarely caused by a physical problem. Premature ejaculation early in a relationship is most often caused by anxiety and too mu...
  6. Premature infant Premature infant
    A premature infant is a baby born before 37 weeks gestation. Causes At birth, a baby is classified as one of the following: Premature (less than 37 weeks gestation) Full term (37 to 42 weeks gestation) Post term (born after 42 weeks gestation) If a woman goes into labor before 37 weeks, it is cal...
  7. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a condition marked by severe depression symptoms, irritability, and tension before menstruation. These symptoms are more severe than those seen with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Causes The causes of PMS and PMDD have not been identified. Hormone changes tha...
  8. Premenstrual syndrome Premenstrual syndrome
    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a wide range of physical or emotional symptoms that typically occur about 5 to 11 days before a woman starts her monthly menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually stop when menstruation begins, or shortly thereafter. See also: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) ...
  9. Prerenal azotemia Prerenal azotemia
    Prerenal azotemia is an abnormally high level of nitrogen-type wastes in the blood. Causes Prerenal azotemia is somewhat common, especially in people who are in the hospital. The kidneys normally filter the blood. When the volume or pressure of blood flow through the kidney drops, blood filtration ...
  10. Presbyopia Presbyopia
    Presbyopia is a condition in which the lens of the eye loses its ability to focus, making it difficult to see objects up close. Causes The lens of the eye needs to change its length or shape to focus on smaller objects, or objects that get closer or farther away. This is called the elasticity of th...
  11. Preschooler development Preschooler development
    The normal social and physical development of children ages 3 - 6 years old includes many significant milestones. Information All children develop a little differently. If you are concerned about your child's development, talk to your child's health care provider. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Gross motor ...
  12. Preschooler test or procedure preparation Preschooler test or procedure preparation
    Proper preparation for a test or procedure reduces your child's anxiety about the situation, encourages cooperation, and helps the child develop coping skills. Information Preparation can effectively reduce distress in children who are undergoing medical tests, minimizing crying and resistance to ...
  13. Pressure ulcer Pressure ulcer
    A pressure ulcer is an area of skin that breaks down when you stay in one position for too long without shifting your weight. This often happens if you use a wheelchair or you are bedridden, even for a short period of time (for example, after surgery or an injury). The constant pressure against the ...
  14. Pressure ulcers - what to ask your doctor Pressure ulcers - what to ask your doctor
    Pressure ulcers are also called bedsores, or pressure sores. They can form when your skin and soft tissue press against a harder surface, such as a chair or bed. This pressure reduces the blood supply to that area. Lack of blood supply can cause the skin tissue in this area to become damaged or die....
  15. Preventing falls Preventing falls
    People with dementia are at risk for falling or tripping. This can result in broken bones or more serious injuries. If you have dementia, you or your caregiver should make changes in your home to lower your risk for falling. Home Setup Have a bed that is low, so that your feet touch the floor when...