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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Preventing falls - what to ask your doctor Preventing falls - what to ask your doctor
    Many people with medical problems are at risk for falling or tripping. This can leave you with broken bones or more serious injuries. You can do many things to make your home safer for you. Below are some questions you may want to ask your doctor or nurse to help keep your home safe for you. Questi...
  2. Preventing food poisoning Preventing food poisoning
    To prevent food poisoning, take the following steps when preparing food: Carefully wash your hands often, and always before cooking or cleaning. Always wash them again after touching raw meat. Clean dishes and utensils that have had any contact with raw meat, poultry, fish, or eggs. Use a thermomet...
  3. Preventing head injuries in children Preventing head injuries in children
    Although no child is injury proof, parents can take some simple steps to keep their children from getting head injuries. Car Safety Your child should wear a seatbelt at all times when they are in a car or other motor vehicle. Use a child safety seat or booster seat that is best for their age, weig...
  4. Preventing pressure ulcers Preventing pressure ulcers
    Pressure ulcers are also called bedsores and pressure sores. They can form when muscles and soft tissue press against a surface such as a chair or bed. This pressure cuts off your blood supply to that area. Lack of blood supply can cause the skin tissue in this area to die. When this happens, a pres...
  5. Preventive health care Preventive health care
    The most important part of preventive health care is maintaining good health habits. This includes: Avoiding alcohol use or using it in moderation Avoiding smoking and drug abuse Controlling any diseases or disorders, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or high levels of cholesterol in the bloo...
  6. Primary alveolar hypoventilation Primary alveolar hypoventilation
    Primary alveolar hypoventilation is a rare disorder of unknown cause in which a person does not take enough breaths per minute. The lungs and airways are normal. Causes The cause is unknown. Current research is looking at how the brains of persons with this disease may be less responsive to carbon ...
  7. Primary amyloidosis Primary amyloidosis
    Primary amyloidosis is a disorder in which protein fibers are deposited in tissues and organs, harming them. Causes The cause of primary amyloidosis is unknown, but the condition is related to abnormal production of antibodies by a type of immune cell called plasma cells. The symptoms depend on the...
  8. Primary biliary cirrhosis Primary biliary cirrhosis
    Primary biliary cirrhosis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the bile ducts of the liver, which blocks the flow of bile. This obstruction damages liver cells and leads to scarring called cirrhosis. Causes The cause of inflamed bile ducts in the liver is not known. The disease more commonl...
  9. Primary hyperparathyroidism Primary hyperparathyroidism
    Primary hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder in which the parathyroid glands in the neck produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). See also: Hyperparathyroidism Secondary hyperparathyroidism Causes The parathyroid glands are located in the neck, near or attached to the back side of ...
  10. Primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction Primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction
    Primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition in which there are symptoms of intestinal blockage without any physical signs of a blockage. Causes In primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the small or large intestines lose their ability to contract and push food, stool, and air through the g...
  11. Primary lymphoma of the brain Primary lymphoma of the brain
    Primary lymphoma of the brain is cancer of the lymph cells that starts in the brain. Causes The cause of primary brain lymphoma is unknown. It is more common in people ages 45 - 70. Patients who have a weakened immune system are at greater risk for primary lymphoma of the brain. Common causes of a ...
  12. Primary or secondary fibrinolysis Primary or secondary fibrinolysis
    Fibrinolysis is a normal body process that keeps naturally occurring blood clots from growing and causing problems. Primary fibrinolysis refers to the normal breakdown of clots. Secondary fibrinolysis is the breakdown of blood clots due to a medical disorder, medicine, or other cause. Causes Blood...
  13. Primary thrombocythemia Primary thrombocythemia
    Primary thrombocythemia is the overproduction of platelets without a known cause. Platelets are essential for blood clotting. Causes Primary thrombocythemia is a disorder that slowly progresses. It is caused by too much growth of a type of cell that is used to make blood cells. Although the platel...
  14. Proctitis Proctitis
    Proctitis is an inflammation of the rectum that causes discomfort, bleeding, and occasionally, a discharge of mucus or pus. Causes There are many causes of proctitis, but they can be grouped in the following categories: Autoimmune disease Harmful substances Non-sexually transmitted infection Se...
  15. Progeria Progeria
    Progeria is a disease that produces rapid aging, beginning in childhood. Causes Progeria is a rare condition that is remarkable because its symptoms strongly resemble normal human aging, but occur in young children. Ninety percent of children with progeria have a mutation on the gene that encodes t...