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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:

  1. Protein - urine Protein - urine
    A protein urine test measures the amount of proteins, such as albumin, found in a urine sample. A blood test may also be done to measure the level of albumin. See: Serum albumin How the Test is Performed Urine protein may be tested using a random sample of urine and a dipstick test, or it may requ...
  2. Protein C Protein C
    Protein C is a substance that prevents blood clotting. A blood test can be done to see how much of this protein you have in your blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing...
  3. Protein electrophoresis - serum Protein electrophoresis - serum
    This test measures the types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood sample. See also: Immunoelectrophoresis - serum Immunofixation - serum Serum globulin electrophoresis How the Test is Performed A blood sample is needed. For information on giving a blood sample from a vein, see ve...
  4. Protein electrophoresis - urine Protein electrophoresis - urine
    A urine protein electrophoresis is a test that estimates how much of certain proteins you have in your urine. See also: Immunoelectrophoresis - urine Immunofixation - urine How the Test is Performed A clean-catch (midstream) urine sample is needed. Men or boys should first wipe clean the head...
  5. Protein in diet Protein in diet
    Proteins are complex organic compounds. The basic structure of protein is a chain of amino acids. Function Every cell in the human body contains protein. It is a major part of the skin, muscles, organs, and glands. Protein is also found in all body fluids, except bile and urine. You need protein in...
  6. Protein S Protein S
    Protein S is a substance that prevents blood clotting. A blood test can be done to see how much of this protein you have in your blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing...
  7. Protein-losing enteropathy Protein-losing enteropathy
    Protein-losing enteropathy is an abnormal loss of protein from the digestive tract or the inability of the digestive tract to absorb proteins. Causes There are many causes of protein-losing enteropathy. Any condition that causes serious inflammation in the intestines can lead to protein loss. Some ...
  8. Prothrombin time (PT) Prothrombin time (PT)
    Prothrombin time (PT) is a blood test that measures the time it takes for the liquid portion (plasma) of your blood to clot. See also: Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) How the Test is Performed The health care provider uses a needle to take blood from one of your veins. The blood collects into an...
  9. Proton therapy Proton therapy
    Proton therapy is a kind of radiation used to treat cancer. Like other types of radiation, proton therapy kills cancer cells and stops them from growing. Information Unlike other types of radiation therapy that use x-rays to destroy cancer cells, proton therapy uses a beam of special particles call...
  10. Protuberance Protuberance
    A protuberance is a body part that protrudes (bulges) outward from a surface. For example, the ankle is a protuberance of the leg. The ears protrude from the head....
  11. Proximal Proximal
    Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart -- central rather than peripheral....
  12. Proximal renal tubular acidosis Proximal renal tubular acidosis
    Proximal renal tubular acidosis is a condition that occurs when the kidneys don't properly remove acids in the urine, leaving the blood too acidic. Causes Your kidneys help regulate your body's acid-base balance (pH). Acidic substances in the body are buffered (counteracted) by alkaline substances,...
  13. Prune belly syndrome Prune belly syndrome
    Prune belly syndrome is a group of birth defects that involve three main problems: Poor development of the abdominal muscles, causing the skin of the belly area to wrinkle like a prune Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) Urinary tract problems Causes The causes of prune belly syndrome are unk...
  14. PSA PSA
    PSA stands for prostate-specific antigen. It is a protein found in prostate cells. It can be detected at a low level in the blood of all adult men. This article discusses the blood test to measure the amount of PSA in a man's blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, us...
  15. Pseudogout Pseudogout
    Pseudogout is a joint disease that can cause attacks of arthritis. Like gout, the condition involves the formation of crystals in the joints. But in pseudogout, the crystals are formed from a salt instead of uric acid. Causes Pseudogout is caused by the collection of salt called calcium pyrophospha...