Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:
Pelvic CT scan
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the pelvis is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create cross-sectional pictures of the organs inside the pelvis (liver, kidneys, gallbladder, pancreas, and bladder, prostate, lymph nodes, and pelvic bones).
How the Test is Performed
You will be asked to lie on...
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a general term for infection of the uterus lining, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.
See also: Endometritis
Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease are caused by bacteria that move from the vagina or cervix into the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or pelvis.
Pelvic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that examines and treats pelvic organs through a small surgical viewing instrument (laparoscope) inserted into the abdomen at the navel.
While you are deep asleep and pain-free under general anesthesia, the doctor makes a half-inch surgical cut...
Pelvis MRI scan
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the pelvis is a noninvasive method to create detailed pictures of the area between the hip bones. This part of the body is called the pelvic area.
The pelvic area contains the reproductive organs.
In women, it includes the womb (uterus), cervix, ovaries, a...
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disorder that involves blistering of the skin and mucous membrane.
Pemphigus is an autoimmune disorder. The immune system produces antibodies against specific proteins in the skin and mucous membrane. These antibodies create a reaction that cause skin cell...
The penis is the male organ used for urination and sexual intercourse. The penis is located above the scrotum. It is made of spongy tissue and blood vessels.
The shaft of the penis surrounds the urethra and is connected to the pubic bone.
The foreskin covers the head (glans) of the penis. The foresk...
Penis care (uncircumcised)
An uncircumcised penis is one with its foreskin intact. An infant boy with an uncircumcised penis requires no special care. Normal bathing is enough to keep it clean.
It is NOT recommended to pull back (retract) the foreskin for cleaning during infancy and childhood. This may injure the foreskin and...
Penis pain is any pain or discomfort in the penis.
Bites, either human or insect
Cancer of the penis
Erection that does not go away (priapism)
Infected prosthesis of the penis
Infection under the foreskin of uncircumcised men (balanitis)
Inflammation of the prostate gland...
Pentazocine is a medicine used to treat moderate to severe pain. A pentazocine overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication.
This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual pois...
A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum.
If the peptic ulcer is located in the stomach it is called a gastric ulcer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Normally, the lining of t...
Percutaneous urinary procedures
Percutaneous (through the skin) urinary procedures help drain urine from your bladder and get rid of kidney stones.
A percutaneous nephrostomy is the placement of a small, flexible rubber catheter (tube) through your skin into your kidney to drain your urine.
Percutaneous urinary procedures - discharge
You had percutaneous (through the skin) urinary procedures to help drain urine from your bladder and get rid of kidney stones.
If you had percutaneous nephrostomy, the doctor inserted a small, flexible catheter (tube) through your skin into your kidney to drain your urine.
If you also had percutaneo...
Periactin is an antihistamine drug, which is used to relieve allergy symptoms. A periactin overdose occurs when someone takes too much of this drug.
This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your...
Perianal streptococcal cellulitis
Perianal streptococcal cellulitis is an inflammation of the anus and rectum caused by Streptococcus bacteria.
Perianal streptococcal cellulitis usually occurs in children, often with or after "strep throat" (streptococcal pharyngitis), nasopharyngitis, or streptococcal skin infection (impeti...
Pericardial fluid culture
Pericardial fluid culture is a test performed on a sample of fluid from the sac surrounding the heart to identify organisms that cause infection.
See also: Pericardial fluid gram stain
How the Test is Performed
Some people may have a cardiac monitor placed before the test to check for heart distur...