Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:
Safe drinking during cancer treatment
During and right after your cancer treatment, your body cannot protect itself against infections. Tiny germs can be in water, even when the water looks clean. You will need to be careful where you get your water from. This includes water for drinking, cooking, and brushing your teeth. Ask your docto...
Safe eating during cancer treatment
When you have cancer, you need good nutrition to help keep your body strong. To do this you will need to watch the foods you eat and how you prepare them.
Some raw foods can contain germs that can hurt you when cancer or treatment weakens your immune system. Ask your doctor or nurse about how to eat...
Safe sex means taking precautions during sex that can keep you from getting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), or from giving an STI to your partner.
STIs are also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. These diseases include genital herpes, genital warts, HIV, chlamydia, gonorr...
Accidents are the most common cause of death in children 14 years old and younger. In fact, accidents cause more childhood deaths than diseases, drugs, or violence. Fortunately, many accidents -- for both children and adults -- can be avoided if simple safety measures are taken.
Safety and vitamins
Does the government monitor the safety of vitamins?
No. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) monitors drugs but not vitamins. However, standard vitamins and minerals are considered relatively risk free if you avoid high doses. Keep in mind that most experts feel that it is b...
Salads and nutrients
Salads can be a good way to get your daily nutrients. However, not all salads are healthy or nutritious. It depends on what is in the salad.
If you have plenty of fresh vegetables in the salad, then you are getting healthy, disease-fighting nutrients. Darker colored vegetables are generally healthi...
Salivary duct stones
Salivary duct stones are crystallized minerals in the ducts that drain the salivary glands. Salivary duct stones are a type of salivary gland disorder.
Saliva (spit) is produced by the salivary glands in the mouth. The chemicals in saliva can crystallize into a stone that can block the saliv...
Salivary gland biopsy
Salivary gland biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue or cells from a salivary gland for examination.
How the Test is Performed
There are several pairs of salivary glands in different locations in the mouth: a major pair in front of the ears (parotid glands); two major pairs on the floor ...
Salivary gland disorders
Salivary gland disorders are conditions that lead to swelling or pain in the saliva-producing tissues around the mouth.
The salivary glands produce saliva (spit), which moistens food to aid chewing and swallowing. Saliva contains enzymes that begin the digestion process. Saliva also cleans t...
Salivary gland infections
Salivary gland infections are viral or bacterial infections of the saliva-producing glands.
There are three pairs of major salivary glands.
The two largest are the parotid glands, one in each cheek over the jaw in front of the ears. Inflammation of one or more of these glands is called parotitis, o...
Salivary gland tumors
Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the ducts that drain the salivary glands.
The salivary glands are located around the mouth. They produce saliva, which moistens food to help with chewing and swallowing.
Saliva contains enzymes that begin the digestion process, and help cle...
Salmonella enterocolitis is an infection in the lining of the small intestine caused by Salmonella bacteria.
Salmonella enterocolitis is one of the most common types of food poisoning. It occurs when you swallow food or water that is contaminated with the salmonella bacteria. Any food can be...
Sanfilippo syndrome is an inherited disease of metabolism that makes the body unable to properly break down long chains of sugar molecules called glycosaminoglycans (formerly called mucopolysaccharides).
The syndrome belongs to a group of diseases called mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS). Specifically, it...
Sarcoidosis is a disease in which swelling (inflammation) occurs in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, or other tissues.
The cause of the disease is unknown. In sarcoidosis, clumps of abnnormal tissue (granulomas) form in certain organs of the body. Granulomas are clusters of immune ...
Satiety - early
Satiety is the satisfied feeling of being full after eating. Early satiety is feeling full sooner than normal or after eating less than usual.
Gastric outlet obstruction
Nervous system problem that causes delayed stomach emptying
Stomach or abdominal tumor
Stomach (peptic) ulcer...