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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:

  1. Sjogren syndrome Sjogren syndrome
    Sjogren syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which the glands that produce tears and saliva are destroyed. The condition may affect many different parts of the body, including the kidneys and lungs. Causes The cause of Sjogren syndrome is unknown. The syndrome occurs most often in women ages 40 - ...
  2. Skeletal limb abnormalities Skeletal limb abnormalities
    Skeletal limb abnormalities refer to a variety of bone structure problems in the arms or legs (limbs). Considerations Skeletal limb abnormalities are most often used to describe defects in the legs or arms that are associated with your genes or chromosomes, or that occur due to an event that happen...
  3. Skin - clammy Skin - clammy
    Clammy skin is cool, moist, and usually pale. Considerations Clammy skin may be an emergency. Call your doctor or 911 immediately. Causes Anxiety attack Heart attack Heat exhaustion Internal bleeding Low blood oxygen levels Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) Severe pain Shock Home Care...
  4. Skin abscess Skin abscess
    A skin abscess is a collection of pus and infected material in or on the skin. Causes Skin abscesses are fairly common. They occur when an infection causes pus and infected material to collect in the skin. Skin abscesses may occur after: A bacterial infection (often staphylococcus) A minor wound ...
  5. Skin blushing/flushing Skin blushing/flushing
    Skin blushing or flushing is a sudden reddening of the face, neck, or upper chest. Considerations Blushing is a normal body response that may occur when you are embarrassed, angry, excited, or experiencing some other strong emotion. Flushing of the face may also be associated with certain medical c...
  6. Skin cancer Skin cancer
    Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. If left unchecked, these cancer cells can spread from the skin into other tissues and organs. There are different types of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common. Melanoma is less common, but more dangerous. Causes The out...
  7. Skin care and incontinence Skin care and incontinence
    People who have problems controlling their urine or bowels (called incontinence) are at greater risk for skin problems around the buttocks, hips, genitals, and the area between the pelvis and rectum (perineum). Excess moisture and bacteria in these areas makes skin problems such as redness, peeling,...
  8. Skin characteristics in newborns Skin characteristics in newborns
    The appearance and texture of a newborn infant's skin goes through many changes. See also: Changes in newborn at birth Information A healthy newborn at birth typically has: Deep red or purple skin and bluish hands and feet. The skin darkens before the infant takes his or her first breath (when th...
  9. Skin color - patchy Skin color - patchy
    Patchy skin color refers to areas of irregular skin coloring. Mottling or mottled skin refers specifically to blood vessel changes in the skin which cause a patchy appearance. Considerations Irregular or patchy discoloration of the skin can be caused by: Changes in melanin, a substance produced in...
  10. Skin culture Skin culture
    A skin culture is a laboratory test to look for and identify disease-causing substances in a sample of skin. It is called a mucosal culture if the sample involves the mucous membranes. How the Test is Performed A sample of skin or mucous membrane is needed. For information on how this is done, see:...
  11. Skin discoloration - bluish Skin discoloration - bluish
    Cyanosis is a bluish color to the skin or mucus membranes due to a lack of oxygen in the blood. Considerations The coloration of the skin is caused by the amount of pigment in the skin and the blood flowing through it. Blood that is saturated with oxygen is bright red. Blood that has lost its oxyge...
  12. Skin graft Skin graft
    A skin graft is a patch of skin that is removed by surgery from one area of the body and transplanted, or attached, to another area. Description Your surgery will probably be done while you are under general anesthesia (you will be unconscious and will not feel pain). Healthy skin is taken from a p...
  13. Skin lesion aspiration Skin lesion aspiration
    Skin lesion aspiration is the withdrawal of fluid from a skin lesion (sore). How the Test is Performed A needle is inserted into a skin lesion or skin abscess, which may contain fluid or pus. The fluid may be examined under the microscope or placed in a special laboratory dish (called a culture med...
  14. Skin lesion biopsy Skin lesion biopsy
    A skin lesion biopsy is the removal of a piece of skin to diagnose or rule out an illness. How the Test is Performed There are several ways to do a skin biopsy. Most procedures can be easily done in outpatient medical offices or your doctor's office. Which procedure you have depends on several fact...
  15. Skin lesion KOH exam Skin lesion KOH exam
    The skin lesion KOH exam is a test to diagnose a fungal infection of the skin. How the Test is Performed The health care provider scrapes the lesion off your skin, using a blunt edge such as the edge of a microscope slide. The scrapings from the skin lesion are placed in liquid containing potassium...