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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:

  1. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    A slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a separation of the ball of the hip joint from the thigh bone (femur) at the upper growing end (growth plate) of the bone. Causes A slipped capital femoral epiphysis may affect both hips. An epiphysis is an area at the end of a long bone that is separated from...
  2. Slit-lamp exam Slit-lamp exam
    The slit-lamp examination looks at structures that are at the front of the eye. How the Test is Performed The slit-lamp is a low-power microscope combined with a high-intensity light source that can be focused to shine in a thin beam. You will sit in a chair with the instrument placed in front of y...
  3. Small bowel bacterial overgrowth Small bowel bacterial overgrowth
    Small bowel bacterial overgrowth is a condition in which abnormally large numbers of bacteria grow in the small intestine. Causes Normally, the small intestine contains a relatively low number of bacteria. This is different from the large intestine, which contains large numbers of bacteria. The abn...
  4. Small bowel resection Small bowel resection
    Small bowel resection is surgery to remove part or all of your small bowel. It is done when part of your small bowel is blocked or diseased. The small bowel is also called the small intestine. Most digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients) of the food you eat takes place in the small intesti...
  5. Small bowel resection - discharge Small bowel resection - discharge
    You had surgery to remove part of your small intestine. You may also have had an ileostomy. What to Expect at Home You will probably have pain when you cough, sneeze, and make sudden movements. This will probably last from 1 to 5 days. If a large amount of your small intestine was removed, you may ...
  6. Small bowel tissue smear Small bowel tissue smear
    Small bowel tissue smear is a laboratory test that checks for disease in a sample of tissue from the small intestine. How the Test is Performed A sample of tissue from the small intestine is removed during a procedure called esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). For more information on this procedure, ...
  7. Small for gestational age (SGA) Small for gestational age (SGA)
    Small for gestational age (SGA) means a fetus or infant is smaller in size than normal for the baby's gender and gestational age. Information Ultrasound is used to find out if a fetus is smaller-than-normal for age (intrauterine growth restriction). The most widely used definition of SGA is birth w...
  8. Small intestine aspirate and culture Small intestine aspirate and culture
    Small intestine aspirate and culture is a laboratory test to check for infection in the small intestine. How the Test is Performed A sample of fluid from the small intestine is needed. This requires a procedure called an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). For more information on this procedure, see ...
  9. Smallpox Smallpox
    Smallpox is a serious and contagious disease that causes a rash on the skin. Causes Smallpox was once found throughout the world, causing illness and death wherever it occurred. It mainly affected children and young adults. Family members often infected each other. There are two forms of smallpox: ...
  10. Smashed fingers Smashed fingers
    Smashed fingers is an injury involving direct trauma to one or more fingers. Considerations If an injury to a finger occurs at the tip and does not involve the joint or nail bed, you may not need the help of a doctor. Even if the bone is broken, your doctor may not recommend a splint. If the injury...
  11. Smear of duodenal fluid aspirate Smear of duodenal fluid aspirate
    Smear of duodenal fluid aspirate is an examination of fluid taken from the duodenum, for a possible infection. Usually the health care practitioner is looking for either giardia or strongyloides, which are parasites. How the Test is Performed The specimen is obtained by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (...
  12. Smell - impaired Smell - impaired
    Impaired smell is the partial or total loss of the sense of smell. Considerations The loss of smell can occur as a result of nasal congestion or blockage of the nose and isn't serious, but it can sometimes be a sign of a nervous system (neurological) condition. Temporary loss of the sense of smell...
  13. Smoking - tips on how to quit Smoking - tips on how to quit
    There are a lot of ways to quit smoking and many resources to help you. Family members, friends, and coworkers may be supportive or encouraging, but the desire and commitment to quit must be your own. Most people who have been able to successfully quit smoking made at least one unsuccessful attempt ...
  14. Smoking cessation medications Smoking cessation medications
    Nonhabit-forming prescription medication may help you quit nicotine and tobacco and keep you from starting again. These medications do not contain nicotine, and they work in a different way than nicotine replacement therapy. Like other treatments, these medicines work best when they are part of a pr...
  15. Smoking hazards Smoking hazards
    Question: What are the negative effects of smoking? Answer: Smokers have an increased risk of the following: Lung cancer Lung disease Heart attack Heart disease Hypertension Stroke Oral cancer Bladder cancer Pancreatic cancer Cervical cancer Pregnancy complications Low birth we...