Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:
Spasticity is stiff or rigid muscles with exaggerated, deep tendon reflexes (for example, a knee-jerk reflex). The condition can interfere with walking, movement, or speech.
See also: Muscle cramps
Spasticity generally results from damage to the part of the brain that controls volun...
Speech disorders refer to several conditions in which a person has difficulty communicating by mouth.
See also: Speech impairment
Speech is one of the primary ways we communicate with those around us. It is an effective way to monitor normal growth and development as well as to identify pot...
Speech impairment (adult)
Speech and language impairment may be any of several problems that make it difficult to communicate.
Expressive language disorder - developmental
Common speech and language disorders include:
Aphasia is loss of the ability to understand or express s...
Spider angioma is an abnormal collection of blood vessels near the surface of the skin.
Spider angiomas are very common. They are especially common during pregnancy and in patients with liver disease. They occur in both children and adults.
Blood vessel sore (lesion)
May have a ...
Spinal and epidural anesthesia
Spinal and epidural anesthesia are medicines that numb parts of your body to block pain. They are given through shots in or around the spine. You will stay awake during both of these types of anesthesia.
The area of your back where the needle will be inserted will be cleaned with a spec...
Spinal cord abscess
Spinal cord abscess is swelling and irritation (inflammation) and the collection of infected material (pus) around the spinal cord.
A spinal cord abscess is caused by an infection inside the spine. An abscess of the spinal cord itself is very rare. A spinal abscess usually occurs as an epidu...
Spinal cord trauma
Spinal cord trauma is damage to the spinal cord. It may result from direct injury to the cord itself or indirectly from damage to surrounding bones, tissues, or blood vessels.
Spinal cord trauma can be caused by any number of injuries to the spine. They can result from motor vehicle accident...
Spinal fusion is surgery to join together two bones (vertebrae) in the spine. Fusing permanently joins two bones together so there is no longer movement between them. Spinal fusion is usually done along with other surgical procedures of the spine.
You will be asleep and feel no pain (ge...
The spinal cord contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and body. The cord passes through your neck and back. A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause loss of movement (paralysis) below the site of the injury.
When someone has a spinal injury, addi...
Spinal muscular atrophy
Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of inherited diseases that cause progressive muscle degeneration and weakness, eventually leading to death.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a collection of different muscle diseases. Grouped together, it is the second leading cause of neuromuscular disease...
Spinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal cord that causes pressure on the spinal cord, or narrowing of the openings (called neural foramina) where spinal nerves leave the spinal column.
Spinal stenosis typically develops as a person ages and the disks become drier and start to shrink. At t...
A spinal tumor is a growth of cells (mass) in or surrounding the spinal cord.
Any type of tumor may occur in the spine, including:
A small number of spinal tumors occur in the nerves of the spinal cord itself. Most often these are ependymomas and other gliom...
Spine surgery - discharge
You were in the hospital for spine surgery. You probably had a problem with one or more disk, a cushion that separates the bones in your spine (vertebrae).
You may have had one of these surgeries:
Diskectomy -- surgery to remove all or part of your disk
Foraminotomy -- surgery to widen the opening ...
Spitting up is the gentle sloshing of stomach contents up and out of the mouth in babies, sometimes accompanied by a burp. It is different than vomiting.
Most babies spit up milk out of their mouths or noses. This is because the sphincter at the top of the stomach is often loose. In oth...
Spleen removal (splenectomy) is surgery to remove a diseased or damaged spleen. This organ is in the upper part of your belly, on the left side. It helps your body fight germs and infections. It also helps filter your blood.
The spleen is removed while you are under general anesthesia (...