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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:

  1. Spasticity Spasticity
    Spasticity is stiff or rigid muscles with exaggerated, deep tendon reflexes (for example, a knee-jerk reflex). The condition can interfere with walking, movement, or speech. See also: Muscle cramps Considerations Spasticity generally results from damage to the part of the brain that controls volun...
  2. Speech disorders Speech disorders
    Speech disorders refer to several conditions in which a person has difficulty communicating by mouth. See also: Speech impairment Causes Speech is one of the primary ways we communicate with those around us. It is an effective way to monitor normal growth and development as well as to identify pot...
  3. Speech impairment (adult) Speech impairment (adult)
    Speech and language impairment may be any of several problems that make it difficult to communicate. See also: Stuttering Expressive language disorder - developmental Considerations Common speech and language disorders include: APHASIA Aphasia is loss of the ability to understand or express s...
  4. Spider angioma Spider angioma
    Spider angioma is an abnormal collection of blood vessels near the surface of the skin. Causes Spider angiomas are very common. They are especially common during pregnancy and in patients with liver disease. They occur in both children and adults. Symptoms Blood vessel sore (lesion) May have a ...
  5. Spinal and epidural anesthesia Spinal and epidural anesthesia
    Spinal and epidural anesthesia are medicines that numb parts of your body to block pain. They are given through shots in or around the spine. You will stay awake during both of these types of anesthesia. Description The area of your back where the needle will be inserted will be cleaned with a spec...
  6. Spinal cord abscess Spinal cord abscess
    Spinal cord abscess is swelling and irritation (inflammation) and the collection of infected material (pus) around the spinal cord. Causes A spinal cord abscess is caused by an infection inside the spine. An abscess of the spinal cord itself is very rare. A spinal abscess usually occurs as an epidu...
  7. Spinal cord trauma Spinal cord trauma
    Spinal cord trauma is damage to the spinal cord. It may result from direct injury to the cord itself or indirectly from damage to surrounding bones, tissues, or blood vessels. Causes Spinal cord trauma can be caused by any number of injuries to the spine. They can result from motor vehicle accident...
  8. Spinal fusion Spinal fusion
    Spinal fusion is surgery to join together two bones (vertebrae) in the spine. Fusing permanently joins two bones together so there is no longer movement between them. Spinal fusion is usually done along with other surgical procedures of the spine. Description You will be asleep and feel no pain (ge...
  9. Spinal injury Spinal injury
    The spinal cord contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and body. The cord passes through your neck and back. A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause loss of movement (paralysis) below the site of the injury. Considerations When someone has a spinal injury, addi...
  10. Spinal muscular atrophy Spinal muscular atrophy
    Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of inherited diseases that cause progressive muscle degeneration and weakness, eventually leading to death. Causes Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a collection of different muscle diseases. Grouped together, it is the second leading cause of neuromuscular disease...
  11. Spinal stenosis Spinal stenosis
    Spinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal cord that causes pressure on the spinal cord, or narrowing of the openings (called neural foramina) where spinal nerves leave the spinal column. Causes Spinal stenosis typically develops as a person ages and the disks become drier and start to shrink. At t...
  12. Spinal tumor Spinal tumor
    A spinal tumor is a growth of cells (mass) in or surrounding the spinal cord. Causes Any type of tumor may occur in the spine, including: Leukemia Lymphoma Myeloma A small number of spinal tumors occur in the nerves of the spinal cord itself. Most often these are ependymomas and other gliom...
  13. Spine surgery - discharge Spine surgery - discharge
    You were in the hospital for spine surgery. You probably had a problem with one or more disk, a cushion that separates the bones in your spine (vertebrae). You may have had one of these surgeries: Diskectomy -- surgery to remove all or part of your disk Foraminotomy -- surgery to widen the opening ...
  14. Spitting up Spitting up
    Spitting up is the gentle sloshing of stomach contents up and out of the mouth in babies, sometimes accompanied by a burp. It is different than vomiting. Information Most babies spit up milk out of their mouths or noses. This is because the sphincter at the top of the stomach is often loose. In oth...
  15. Spleen removal Spleen removal
    Spleen removal (splenectomy) is surgery to remove a diseased or damaged spleen. This organ is in the upper part of your belly, on the left side. It helps your body fight germs and infections. It also helps filter your blood. Description The spleen is removed while you are under general anesthesia (...