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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:

  1. School-age children development School-age children development
    School-age child development describes the expected physical, emotional, and mental abilities of children ages 6 - 12 years old. Information PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT School-age children typically have fairly smooth and strong motor skills. However, their coordination (especially eye-hand), endurance, b...
  2. Sciatica Sciatica
    Sciatica refers to pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg. It is caused by injury to or compression of the sciatic nerve. Sciatica is a symptom of another medical problem, not a medical condition on its own. Causes Sciatica occurs when there is pressure or damage to the sciatic nerve. Thi...
  3. Sclera Sclera
    The sclera is the white outer wall of the eye. It is a tough, fibrous tissue that extends from the cornea (the clear front section of the eye) to the optic nerve at the back of the eye. The sclera gives the eye its white color....
  4. Scleritis Scleritis
    Scleritis is an inflammation of the sclera (the white outer wall of the eye). Causes Inflammation of the sclera is usually associated with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Sometimes the cause is unknown. Scleritis occurs most often in people between...
  5. Scleroderma Scleroderma
    Scleroderma is a widespread connective tissue disease that involves changes in the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs. Causes The cause of scleroderma is unknown. People with this condition have a buildup of a substance called collagen in the skin and other organs. This buildup leads...
  6. Scleroderma - resources Scleroderma - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on scleroderma: Scleroderma Foundation - www.scleroderma.org Scleroderma Research Foundation - www.srfcure.org Alternative Names Resources - scleroderma...
  7. Sclerosing cholangitis Sclerosing cholangitis
    Sclerosing cholangitis refers to swelling (inflammation), scarring, and destruction of the bile ducts inside and outside of the liver. Causes In this condition, the bile ducts inside and outside the liver become narrowed and scarred. The cause is often unknown. The disease is often seen in patients...
  8. Scoliosis Scoliosis
    Scoliosis is a curving of the spine. The spine curves away from the middle or sideways. Causes There are three general causes of scoliosis: Congenital (present at birth) scoliosis is due to a problem with the formation of the spine bones (vertebrae) or fused ribs during development in the womb ...
  9. Scoliosis - resources Scoliosis - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on scoliosis: National Scoliosis Foundation - www.scoliosis.org North American Spine Society - www.spine.org Scoliosis Research Society - www.srs.org Alternative Names Resources - scoliosis...
  10. Scoliosis surgery - child Scoliosis surgery - child
    Scoliosis surgery repairs abnormal curving of the spine (scoliosis). The goal is to safely straighten the spine, align your child’s shoulders and hips, and give you long-term correction for your child’s back problem. Description Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthes...
  11. Scorpion fish sting Scorpion fish sting
    Scorpion fish are members of the family Scorpaenidae, which includes lionfish and stonefish. The fins of these prickly fish carry poisonous venom. This article describes the effects of a sting from such fish. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual po...
  12. Scorpions Scorpions
    This article describes the effects of a scorpion sting. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222...
  13. Scrape Scrape
    A scrape is an area where the skin is rubbed off. It usually occurs after you fall down or hit something. A scrape is usually not serious, but it can be painful and may bleed slightly. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your doctor if: The scrape contains dirt and other debris deep inside...
  14. Scrofula Scrofula
    Scrofula is a tuberculous infection of the skin on the neck. Causes Scrofula in adults is most often caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In children, it is usually caused by Mycobacterium scrofulaceum or Mycobacterium avium. Infection with mycobacteria is usually caused by breathing ...
  15. Scrotal masses Scrotal masses
    A scrotal mass is a lump or bulge that can be felt in the scrotum, the sac that contains the testicles. See also: Hydrocele Orchitis Seminoma Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor Testicular cancer Varicocele Causes A scrotal mass can be benign (generally harmless) or malignant (cancerous). Benig...