Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «T»:
A tracheostomy is surgery to make a hole in your neck that goes into your windpipe. If you need if for just a short time, it will be closed later. Some people need the hole for the rest of their life.
The hole is needed when your airway is blocked or for some conditions that make it hard for you to ...
Trachoma is a bacterial infection of the eye.
Trachoma is caused by infection with the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis.
The condition occurs worldwide, mostly in rural settings in developing countries. It frequently affects children, although the effects of scarring may not be seen until lat...
As a general term, traction means pulling on part of the body.
Most often, traction uses mechanical force (sometimes generated by weights and pulleys) to put tension on a displaced bone or joint, such as a dislocated shoulder, to put it back in position and keep it still.
Traction is also used to ke...
Transfusion reaction - hemolytic
A hemolytic transfusion reaction is a serious problem that occurs after a patient receives a transfusion of blood. The red blood cells that were given to the patient are destroyed by the patient's own immune system.
Blood is classified into different blood types called A, B, AB, and O.
Transient familial hyperbilirubinemia
Transient familial hyperbilirubinemia is a metabolic disorder that is passed down through families. Babies with this disorder are born with severe jaundice.
Transient familial hyperbilirubinemia is an inherited disorder. It occurs when the body does not properly break down (metabolize) a cer...
Transient ischemic attack
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an episode in which a person has stroke -like symptoms for up to 1-2 hours.
A TIA is often considered a warning sign that a true stroke may happen in the future if something is not done to prevent it.
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is caused by tempora...
Transient tachypnea - newborn
Transient tachypnea is a respiratory disorder usually seen shortly after delivery in full- or near-term babies.
Transient means it is short-lived (usually less than 24 hours).
Tachypnea means rapid breathing (most normal newborns take 40 - 60 breaths per minute).
As the baby grows in the w...
Transient tic disorder
Transient tic disorder is a temporary condition in which a person makes one or many brief, repeated, difficult to control movements or noises (tics).
Transient tic disorder is common in children.
The cause of transient tic disorder can be physical or mental (psychological). It may be a mild ...
Transillumination is the shining of a light through a body cavity or organ.
How the Test is Performed
The room lights are dimmed or turned off so that the appropriate part of the body may be seen more easily. A bright light is then pointed at a location on the body, typically the head, scrotum, che...
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS)
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a procedure to create new connections between two blood vessels in your liver. You may need this procedure if you have very bad liver problems.
This is not surgery. It is done by a radiologist using x-ray. A radiologist is a doctor...
Translocation means a change in location. It usually refers to genetic translocations, in which part of a chromosome is transferred to another chromosome. This type of translocation results in changed and often flawed chromosomes. In another type of translocation, two chromosomes will trade pieces w...
Transplant rejection is when a transplant recipient's immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue. See also graft-versus-host disease.
Your body's immune system protects you from potentially harmful substances, such as microorganisms, toxins, and cancer cells. These harmful substanc...
Transplantation is a procedure done to replace one of your organs with a healthy one from someone else. It is a complex, long-term process of which the actual surgery is only one element.
A wide range of experts will help you prepare for the procedure, and to make sure you are comfortable before, du...
Transposition of the great vessels
Transposition of the great vessels is a congenital heart defect in which the two major vessels that carry blood away from the heart -- the aorta and the pulmonary artery -- are switched (transposed).
The cause of most congenital heart defects is unknown.
Factors in the mother that may increa...
Transurethral resection of the prostate
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery to remove all or part of the prostate gland, to treat an enlarged prostate.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy
Prostate resection - minimally invasive
You will be given general anesthesia (asleep...