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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «V»:

  1. Vitamin D Vitamin D
    Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps the body absorb calcium. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body's fatty tissue. Function In addition to helping the body absorb calcium, vitamin D also helps the body keep the right amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Food Sources Vitami...
  2. Vitamin E Vitamin E
    Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that acts as an antioxidant. Function Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects body tissue from damage caused by unstable substances called free radicals. Free radicals can harm cells, tissues, and organs. They are believed to play a role in certain conditions as...
  3. Vitamin K Vitamin K
    Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in blood clotting. The body can store fat-soluble vitamins in fatty tissue. Function Vitamin K is known as the clotting vitamin, because without it blood would not clot. Some studies indicate that it helps in maintaining strong bones i...
  4. Vitamins Vitamins
    Vitamins are a group of substances essential for normal cell function, growth and development. There are 13 essential vitamins. That means they are needed for the body to function. They are: Vitamin A Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (...
  5. Vitiligo Vitiligo
    Vitiligo is a skin condition in which there is loss of pigment (color) from areas of skin, resulting in irregular white patches that feel like normal skin. Causes Vitiligo appears to be an acquired condition and may appear at any age. There is an increased rate of the condition in some families. Th...
  6. VLDL test VLDL test
    VLDL stands for very low density lipoprotein. Lipoproteins are substances made of cholesterol, triglycerides, and proteins. They move cholesterol, triglycerides, and other lipids to different parts of the body. There are three major types of lipoproteins. VLDL contains the highest amount of triglyce...
  7. Volkmann’s ischemic contracture Volkmann’s ischemic contracture
    Volkmann's contracture is a deformity of the hand, fingers, and wrist caused by injury to the muscles of the forearm. See also: Compartment syndrome Causes Volkmann's contracture occurs when there is a lack of blood flow (ischemia) to the forearm. This usually occurs when there is increased pressu...
  8. Volvulus - childhood Volvulus - childhood
    A volvulus is a twisting of the intestine that can occur in childhood. It causes a blockage, and may cut off blood flow and damage part of the intestine. Causes A birth defect called intestinal malrotation can make infants more likely to develop a volvulus. However, a volvulus can occur without mal...
  9. Vomiting blood Vomiting blood
    Vomiting blood is a backward flowing (regurgitation) of blood through the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The upper GI tract includes the stomach, mouth, throat, esophagus (the swallowing tube), and the first part of the small intestine. Considerations Vomiting blood results from upper gastroint...
  10. Von Gierke disease Von Gierke disease
    Von Gierke disease is a condition in which the body cannot break down glycogen for energy. Gycogen is stored in the liver and muscles and is normally broken down into glucose when you do not eat. Von Gierke disease is also called Type I glycogen storage disease (GSD I). Causes Von Gierke disease oc...
  11. Von Willebrand disease Von Willebrand disease
    Von Willebrand disease is the most common hereditary bleeding disorder. Causes Von Willebrand disease is caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor. Von Willebrand factor helps blood platelets clump together and stick to the blood vessel wall, which is necessary for normal blood clotting. Ther...
  12. Vulva Vulva
    The vulva is the external female genitalia. It includes the "lips" or folds of skin (labia), clitoris, and the openings to the urethra and vagina. ...
  13. Vulvovaginitis Vulvovaginitis
    Vulvovaginitis is inflammation or infection of the vulva and vagina. Causes Vulvovaginitis can affect women of all ages and is extremely common. It can be caused by bacteria, yeasts, viruses, and other parasites. Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also cause vulvovaginitis, as can vari...