Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder in which there is anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells.
Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues.
Megaloblastic anemia is usually caused by a deficiency of folic acid or vitamin B12.
Other less common causes are:
Risk factors relate to the causes.
For testing information, see:
The first goal is to diagnose the cause of the anemia. The treatment depends on the cause. Anemias related to specific vitamin deficiencies are discussed separately.
Anemia - megaloblastic