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Drugs and diseases reference index

Diseases reference index «Opioid intoxication»

Opium and its forms (which include morphine, heroin, oxycodone, and the synthetic opioid narcotics) lead to an abnormal mental state, which generally involves excessive sleepiness or unconsciousness.


In the United States, the most commonly abused opioids are heroin and methadone.


Symptoms depending on how much is taken. Prescription opioids are used to treat pain, and individuals may develop degrees of sleepiness as a side effect. Persons with opioid intoxication usually have respiratory (breathing) depression and small pupils.

Severe opiod intoxication can cause you to stop breathing altogether. This is how people die from an overdose of opiods.


Proper airway management is important. This may involve

  • Breathing support to help maintain proper oxygen levels
  • Tube placed through the mouth into the lungs (endotracheal intubation)
  • Medicine called naloxone, which helps block the effect of the overdose drug on the central nervous system (such medicine is called a narcotic antagonist)

In most cases, the health care team will monitor the patient for 4 to 6 hours in the emergency room, although the optimal observation time after opioid intoxication has not been defined for most opioids. Those with moderate-to-severe intoxications will likely be admitted to the hospital for 24- to 48 hours.

A psychiatric evaluation is needed for all exposures with suicidal intent.

Tests that will be done include:

  • A toxicology screen to detect other substances that may require specialized treatment

Once the acute intoxication has been treated, most individuals would benefit from a discussion of counseling resources available to help stop drug abuse.

Alternative Names

Intoxication - opioids

Comment «Opioid intoxication»