People with dementia are at risk for falling or tripping. This can result in broken bones or more serious injuries. If you have dementia, you or your caregiver should make changes in your home to lower your risk for falling.
Have a bed that is low, so that your feet touch the floor when you sit on the edge of the bed.
Keep tripping hazards out of your home.
Have good lighting. Put hand rails in the bathtub or shower and next to the toilet. Place a slip-proof mat in the bathtub or shower.
Re-organize the home so things are easier to reach. Keep a portable phone with you so you have it when you need it make or receive calls.
Set up your home so that you do not have to climb steps. Some tips are:
See also: Bathroom safety - adults
If you do not have a caregiver, ask your doctor or nurse about having someone come to your home to check for safety problems.
Weak muscles that make it more difficult to stand up or keep your balance are a common cause of falls. Balance problems can also cause falls.
When you walk, avoid sudden movements or changes in your position. Wear shoes with low heels that fit well. Rubber soles will help keep you from slipping. Stay away from water or ice on sidewalks.
Do not stand on stepladders or chairs to reach things.
Ask your doctor about medicines you may be taking that can make you dizzy. Your doctor may be able to make some medication changes that could reduce falls.
Ask your doctor about a cane or walker. If you use a walker, attach a small basket to it to keep a phone and other important items in.
When you stand up from a sitting position, go slowly. Hold on to something. If you are having problems getting up, ask your doctor about seeing a physical therapist. The therapist can show you how to build your strength to make getting up easier.
Call your doctor if you have fallen, or if you almost fall. Also call your doctor if your eyesight has worsened. Improving your vision will help reduce falls.
Home safety; Safety in the home; Fall prevention