Proctitis is an inflammation of the rectumÂ that causes discomfort, bleeding, and occasionally, a discharge of mucus or pus.
There are many causes of proctitis, but they can be grouped in the following categories:
Proctitis caused by STD is common among those who engage in anal intercourse. STDs that can cause proctitis include gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, lymphogranuloma venereum, and amebiasis.
Non-sexually transmitted infections causing proctitis are seen less often than STD proctitis. The classical example of non-sexually transmitted infection occurs in children and is caused by the same bacteria that cause strep throat.
Autoimmune proctitis is associated with diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.
Proctitis may also be caused by certain medications, radiotherapy, and inserting harmful substances into the rectum.
Risk factors include:
Successful treatment of the underlying cause usually cures the problem. Proctitis caused by infection is treated with antibiotics. Corticosteroids or mesalamine suppositories may relieve symptoms of proctitis in those with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
The probable outcome is good with treatment.
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have symptoms of proctitis.
Safer sex behaviors may prevent the disease from being spread during sexual activity.
Inflammation - rectum; Rectal inflammation