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Diseases reference index «Heart disease»

Heart disease is any disorder that affects the heart's ability to function normally. Various forms of heart disease include:

  • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic regurgitation
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Arrhythmias
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Endocarditis
  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
  • Heart failure
  • Heart tumor
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic cardiomyopathy
  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Acute mitral regurgitation
  • Chronic mitral regurgitation
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Peripartum cardiomyopathy
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Stable angina
  • Unstable angina
  • Tricuspid regurgitation

Causes

The most common cause of heart disease is a narrowing of or blockage in the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle (coronary artery disease). Some heart diseases are present at birth (congenital heart disease).

Other causes include:

  • Abnormal heart rhythm
  • Abnormal heart valve function
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Weakening of the heart's pumping ability, often caused by infection or toxins (cardiomyopathy)

Alternative Names

Cardiovascular disorders

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