Radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) is a test of thyroid function. It measures how much radioactive iodine is taken up by the thyroid gland in a given time period.
See also:Thyroid scan
You are asked to swallow a liquid or capsule containing radioactive iodine.
After a certain period of time (usually 6 and 24 hours later), you must return to the testing center so that the amount of radioactivity in the thyroid gland can be measured. This is done using a device called a gamma probe.
The probe is placed over your thyroid gland along the outside of your neck. You will be asked to lie on a table while the scanner moves over your neck.
The scan takes about 30 minutes.
Do not eat for 8 hours before the test.
Your health care provider will instruct you, if necessary, to stop taking drugs that may interfere with the test.
Drugs that increase results include:
Drugs that decrease results include:
Tell your doctor if you have any of these factors:
There is no discomfort. You can eat beginning about 1 - 2 hours after swallowing the radioactive iodine. You can go back to a normal diet when the test is finished.
This test is done to evaluate thyroid function. It is often done when blood tests of thyroid function (such as T3 or T4) show abnormal results.
Note: Some laboratories only measure at 24 hours. Values may vary depending on the amount of iodine in your diet. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
Increased levels may be due to:
Decreased levels may be due to:
Additional conditions under which the test may be performed:
The amount of radioactivity is very small, and there have been no documented side effects. The amount of iodine used is less than the amount of iodine in a normal diet. However, as with any radiation exposure, this test is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
People with a history of allergy to dietary iodine or shellfish may not be able to have this test. A history of allergy to iodine (contrast dye) does not necessaily mean you can't have this test. Talk to your health care provider.
The radioactive iodine leaves your body through your urine. You may need to take special precautions, such as flushing twice after urinating, for 24 - 48 hours after the test. Ask your health care provider or the radiology/nuclear medicine employee performing the scan.
Iodine uptake test; RAIU