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Diseases reference index «Neurofibromatosis 2»

Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a genetic disorder in which tumors form on the nerves of the brain and spine (the central nervous system).

See also: Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)

Causes

NF2 is passed down through families in an autosomal dominant fashion. This means that if one parent has NF2, any child of that parent has a 50-50 chance of having it.

The main risk factor is having a family history of the condition.

Symptoms

Symptoms of NF2 include:

  • Balance problems
  • Cataracts at a young age
  • Changes in vision
  • Coffee-colored marks on the skin
  • Facial weakness
  • Headaches
  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing and noises in the ears

Exams and Tests

Signs include:

  • Brain and spinal tumors
  • Hearing-related (acoustic) tumors
  • Skin tumors

Tests include:

  • Genetic testing
  • Medical history
  • MRI
  • Physical examination

Treatment

Acoustic neuromas can be observed, or treated with surgery or radiation.

Patients may benefit from genetic counseling.

Every year, patients with NF2 should be evaluated with:

  • MRI of the brain and spinal cord
  • Hearing and speech evaluation
  • Eye exam

Support Groups

For information and support, visit www.nf.org.

Alternative Names

NF2; Bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis; Central bilateral acoustic NF

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