Transplantation is a procedure done to replace one of your organs with a healthy one from someone else. It is a complex, long-term process of which the actual surgery is only one element.
A wide range of experts will help you prepare for the procedure, and to make sure you are comfortable before, during, and after surgery.
Transplant surgery is typically done to replace a diseased body part with a healthy one.
SOLID ORGAN TRANSPLANTS
BLOOD/BONE TRANSPLANTS (STEM CELL TRANSPLANTS)
A stem cell transplant may be needed if you have a disease that damages the cells in the bone marrow or if your received high doses of chemotherapy or radiation.
Depending on the type of transplant, your procedure may be called a bone marrow transplant, a cord blood transplant, or a peripheral blood stem cell transplant. All three use stem cells, which are immature cells that give rise to specific cell types. Stem cell transplants are similar to blood transfusions and generally do not require surgery.
There are two different types these transplants:
For more information, see: Bone marrow transplant
THE TRANSPLANT SERVICES TEAM
The transplant services team includes carefully selected experts, including:
This list may not be all-inclusive
BEFORE A TRANSPLANT
You will have a complete medical exam to identify and treat all medical problems, such as kidney and heart disease.
The transplant team will evaluate the patient and review their medical history to determine if the patient meets the criteria for organ transplantation. Most types of organ transplants have guidelines detailing what type of patient is most likely to benefit from a transplant and will be able to manage the challenging process.
If the transplant team believes you are a good candidate for a transplant, you will be put on a national waiting list. Your place on a waiting list is based on a number of factors, which depend on the specific type of transplant you are receiving.
Once on the waiting list, the search for a matching donor begins. Types of donors depend on your specific transplant but include:
You should identify family, friends, or other caregivers who can offer help and support during and after the transplant process.
You will also want to prepare your home to make it comfortable for when you return after being released from the hospital.
AFTER A TRANSPLANT
How long you stay in the hospital depends on the specific type of transplant that you have. However, you will be seen daily by the transplant services team.
Your transplant services coordinators will arrange for your discharge and discuss with you plans for care at home, transportation to clinic visits, and housing, if necessary.
You will be told how to take care of yourself after the transplant. This will include information about
After leaving the hospital you will return to where you lived.
You will have periodic follow-ups with the transplant team, as well as your primary care doctor and any other specialists that may be recommended. The transplant services team is always available to answer any of questions that you may have.