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Drugs reference index «Ketoconazole Shampoo»

Ketoconazole Shampoo
Ketoconazole Shampoo
Ketoconazole Shampoo


Ketoconazole Shampoo

Generic Name: Ketoconazole (kee-toe-KOE-na-zole)Brand Name: Nizoral A-D

Ketoconazole Shampoo is used for:

Treating scaling associated with dandruff. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Ketoconazole Shampoo is an imidazole antifungal. It works by killing sensitive fungi by interfering with the formation of the fungal cell membrane and weakening it. The weakened cell membrane allows the cell contents to leak out and results in the death of the fungus.

Do NOT use Ketoconazole Shampoo if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Ketoconazole Shampoo

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Ketoconazole Shampoo:

Some medical conditions may interact with Ketoconazole Shampoo. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have low blood sugar levels, liver disease, or porphyria (a blood disease), sulfite sensitivity, or you drink more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks a day

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Ketoconazole Shampoo. Because little, if any, of Ketoconazole Shampoo is absorbed into the blood, the risk of it interacting with another medicine is low.

Ask your health care provider if Ketoconazole Shampoo may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Ketoconazole Shampoo:

Use Ketoconazole Shampoo as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Moisten hair and scalp with water. Apply enough shampoo to wash your scalp and hair. Gently massage the entire scalp, leaving the shampoo on for about 5 minutes. Rinse thoroughly, then dry your hair as you normally do.
  • Keep Ketoconazole Shampoo out of your eyes, nose, and mouth. If this occurs, wash with water and contact your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.
  • If you miss a dose of Ketoconazole Shampoo, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ketoconazole Shampoo.

Important safety information:

  • Be sure to use Ketoconazole Shampoo for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.
  • If you use topical products too often, your condition may become worse.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Some of these products contain sulfites. Sulfites may cause an allergic reaction in some patients (eg, asthma patients). If you have ever had an allergic reaction to sulfites, ask your pharmacist if your product has sulfites in it.
  • Talk to your doctor before you take Ketoconazole Shampoo if you drink more than 3 drinks with alcohol per day.
  • Using Ketoconazole Shampoo on hair that has been permanently waved may cause a loss of the curl.
  • Ketoconazole Shampoo should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Ketoconazole Shampoo while you are pregnant. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Ketoconazole Shampoo, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Ketoconazole Shampoo:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Itching; mild irritation or stinging; oiliness and dryness of hair and scalp.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); increased or abnormal hair loss; reddening, blistering, peeling, itching, or burning of your skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Ketoconazole Shampoo:

Store Ketoconazole Shampoo between 59 and 77 degrees F (15 and 25 degrees C). Store in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Ketoconazole Shampoo out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Ketoconazole Shampoo, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Ketoconazole Shampoo is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Ketoconazole Shampoo. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

  • Ketoconazole Cream Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Ketoconazole Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Ketoconazole Detailed Consumer Information (PDR)
  • ketoconazole Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
  • ketoconazole Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum)
  • Nizoral Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Nizoral Detailed Consumer Information (PDR)

See Also...

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