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Drugs reference index «lacosamide»

lacosamide (Oral route)

la-KOE-sa-mide

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Vimpat

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet

Uses For lacosamide

Lacosamide is used to control certain seizures (convulsions) in the treatment of epilepsy. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce the number and severity of seizures.

lacosamide is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using lacosamide

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For lacosamide, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to lacosamide or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of lacosamide in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of lacosamide in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related heart, kidney, or liver problems, which may require caution in patients receiving lacosamide.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of lacosamide. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Diabetic neuropathy or
  • Heart attack or
  • Heart block or
  • Heart failure or
  • Heart or blood vessel disease or
  • Heart rhythm problems (e.g., prolonged PR interval) or
  • Sick sinus syndrome—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
  • Liver disease, severe——Should not be used in patients with this condition.

Proper Use of lacosamide

Take lacosamide only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

lacosamide should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

lacosamide may be taken with or without food.

Dosing

The dose of lacosamide will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of lacosamide. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (film-coated tablets):
    • For seizures:
      • Adults—At first, 50 milligrams (mg) two times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose gradually if needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 400 mg a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of lacosamide, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using lacosamide

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure lacosamide is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.

If you develop any unusual or strange thoughts and behavior while taking lacosamide, be sure to discuss it with your doctor. Some changes that have occurred in people taking lacosamide are like those seen in people who drink too much alcohol. Other changes might be confusion, worsening of depression, hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there), suicidal thoughts, and unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability.

lacosamide may cause some people to become drowsy, dizzy, lightheaded, unconscious, clumsy, unsteady, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to lacosamide before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to think or see well.

Do not stop taking lacosamide without checking with your doctor first. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount you are using before stopping it completely.

Lacosamide may cause serious allergic reactions affecting multiple body organs (e.g., liver or kidney). Check with your doctor right away if you have the following symptoms: fever, dark urine, headache, rash, stomach pain, unusual tiredness, or yellow eyes or skin.

lacosamide Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Dizziness
  • shakiness and unsteady walk
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
Less common
  • Being forgetful
  • discouragement
  • feeling sad or empty
  • irritability
  • itching skin
  • lack of appetite
  • loss of balance control
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • mood or mental changes
  • tearing of the skin
  • tiredness
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble in walking
  • trouble sleeping
Incidence not known
  • Abnormal or decreased touch sensation
  • black, tarry stools
  • burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  • changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
  • chills
  • continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
  • cough
  • fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  • feeling drunk
  • fever
  • hearing loss
  • lower back or side pain
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath
  • slurred speech
  • sore throat
  • trouble in speaking
  • trouble performing routine tasks
  • trouble with balance
  • troubled breathing with exertion
  • ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Blurred vision
  • double vision
  • headache
  • nausea
  • seeing double
  • vomiting
Less common
  • Diarrhea
  • feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  • lack or loss of strength
  • sensation of spinning
  • uncontrolled eye movements
Incidence not known
  • Acid or sour stomach
  • belching
  • difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  • dry mouth
  • heartburn
  • indigestion
  • muscle spasms
  • stomach discomfort, upset, or pain

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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  • Lacosamide Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Lacosamide MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Vimpat Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Vimpat Consumer Overview

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