Generic Name: nicotine (oral/patches/nasal) (NIK oh teen)Brand Names: Commit, Commit Cappuccino, Commit Cherry, Habitrol, Leader Nicotine Polacrilex, Nicoderm C-Q, Nicoderm C-Q Clear, Nicorelief, Nicorette, Nicorette Cinnamon Surge, Nicorette Fruit Chill, Nicorette Mint, Nicotrol Inhaler, Nicotrol NS
Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products.
Nicotine in medical products is used to aid in smoking cessation. Using a controlled amount of nicotine helps reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms when you quit smoking.
Nicotine may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You may not be able to use certain forms of this medicine if you have medical conditions that could interfere with use. Nasal or sinus problems (allergies, nasal polyps, sinusitis) could affect safe use of the nasal spray form of nicotine. Mouth or dental problems may affect safe use of nicotine gum or lozenges. A skin condition may affect safe use of nicotine transdermal patches. Talk with your doctor about the best form of nicotine for you to use.Do not smoke while you are using nicotine. Stop smoking as soon as your treatment begins. Smoking while using this medication can be dangerous. The nicotine transdermal patch may burn your skin if you wear the patch during an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Remove the patch before undergoing such a test.
You may not be able to use certain forms of this medicine if you have medical conditions that could interfere with use. Nasal or sinus problems (allergies, nasal polyps, sinusitis) could affect safe use of the nasal spray form of nicotine. Mouth or dental problems may affect safe use of nicotine gum or lozenges. A skin condition may affect safe use of nicotine transdermal patches. Talk with your doctor about the best form of nicotine for you to use.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you have:
heart disease, an irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure or chest pain;
a jaw condition called TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disease;
an overactive thyroid;
pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland);
a stomach ulcer; or
asthma or chronic pulmonary disease.
Nicotine oral lozenges may contain phenylalanine. Tell your doctor if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).Nicotine can cause harm to an unborn baby. Do not use nicotine if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment. Use an effective form of birth control while you are using this medication. Nicotine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. The nicotine transdermal patch may burn your skin if you wear the patch during an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Remove the patch before undergoing such a test.
Use nicotine exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not use the medication in larger amounts or for longer than recommended by your doctor.
This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
To use the patches:
Choose a different place on your body to wear the patch each time you put on a new one. Do not use the same skin area twice within 7 days.
Apply the patch to clean, dry, and hairless skin on the outer part of your upper arm or on your chest. Remove the patch after 24 hours and replace it with a new one.
If you are using Nicotrol patches, apply a new patch each morning and remove it at bedtime. Do not wear the patch while you are sleeping. If you are using Nicoderm CQ, you may wear the patch for 16 or 24 hours. If you crave cigarettes when you wake up, you may wear the patch for 24 hours. Do not wear the patch at night if you have vivid dreams or trouble sleeping.
To use the chewing gum or oral lozenges:
Place a piece of gum or a lozenge in your mouth.
Chew the gum slowly several times and stop chewing when you notice a tingling sensation or a peppery taste in the mouth. "Park" the gum between your cheek and gum and leave it there until the taste or tinging sensation is almost gone. Then slowly chew a few more times until the taste or sensation returns. Park the gum again in a different place in your mouth. Chewing too much or too quickly can cause too much nicotine to be released from the gum and you may have side effects such as nausea, hiccups, or stomach problems. Remove the gum after 30 minutes, or when the taste or tingle no longer return when you chew the gum.
Allow the lozenge to dissolve slowly without chewing or swallowing. You may notice a warm or tingling sensation in your mouth. Move the lozenge from one side of your mouth to the other while it is dissolving.
Do not eat or drink for 15 minutes before using the gum or lozenge and while the medicine is in your mouth.
To use the nasal spray:
Blow nose if it is not clear. Tilt head back slightly. Insert the tip of bottle into your nostril as far as comfortable. Spray once in each nostril. Do not sniff, swallow, or inhale while spraying. If your nose runs, gently sniff to keep the medicine in. Wait 2 or 3 minutes before blowing your nose. Do not use more of the medication than is directed.
Recap the bottle after each use. If you don't use the nasal spray for 24 hours, prime the pump by spraying several sprays into a tissue 1, then throw the tissue away.
To use the inhaler:
Inhale deeply or puff in short breaths. As you inhale through the mouthpiece, nicotine turns into a vapor and is absorbed into the mouth and throat. Nicotine in cartridges is used up after about 20 minutes of active puffing.
Keep used and unused nicotine patches or gum out of the reach of children and pets to prevent poisoning. Used bottles of nasal spray should be thrown away with their child-resistant caps in place.Store nicotine products at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and direct sunlight.
Since nicotine is used as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are using the medication regularly, use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and wait until your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Overdose symptoms may include nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; stomach pain; cold sweat; headache; dizziness; problems with hearing or vision; confusion; uneven heartbeats; chest pain; seizures; and death.
chest pain or uneven heartbeats.
Less serious side effects may include:
belching or hiccups;
stomach upset or nausea;
mouth or throat soreness;
dry or watering mouth;
runny or stuffy nose (when using the nasal spray);
white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips (when using the inhaler);
sneezing and coughing;
changes in taste; or
redness, itching, or burning where the patch is worn.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Before using nicotine, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:
propranolol (Inderal), labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate), or prazosin (Minipress);
theophylline (Theo-Dur, Theochron, Theolair);
pentazocine (Talwin), or
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with nicotine. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.