Brand names: Xopenex
Xopenex is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing the muscles in the walls of the lungs' many tiny airways (bronchioles), allowing them to expand so you can get more air. It is prescribed for asthma.
If your prescribed dosage of Xopenex does not provide relief, or your symptoms become worse, consult your doctor immediately.
Do not use more Xopenex than prescribed. Increasing the number of doses can be dangerous and may actually make your asthma worse.
Xopenex should be taken only with an inhalation device called a nebulizer. Do not add any other drugs to the nebulizer without first asking your doctor.
Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Xopenex.
If Xopenex gives you an allergic reaction, you will not be able to use it.
There is a slight chance of developing an immediate, serious allergic reaction to Xopenex, with symptoms such as hives, rash, mouth and throat swelling, and bronchospasm (constricted airways and difficulty breathing). If this happens, or you experience bronchospasm alone, stop using Xopenex and call your doctor immediately.
If your asthma symptoms get worse despite Xopenex, call your doctor. He may need to add an anti-inflammatory steroid drug such as prednisone or beclomethasone to your treatment regimen.
Use Xopenex with caution if you have a heart condition, an irregular heartbeat, or high blood pressure. Call your doctor immediately if you notice any change in heartbeat, pulse, or blood pressure. Caution is also advised if you suffer from seizures, an overactive thyroid gland, or diabetes.
Xopenex should be used cautiously, if at all, with other bronchodilators.
If Xopenex is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Xopenex with the following:Antidepressant drugs classified as MAO inhibitors or tricyclicsBeta blockers (heart and blood pressure drugs)DigoxinDiuretics (water pills) that lower your potassium levels
The effects of Xopenex during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. It is not known whether Xopenex appears in breast milk, but it's considered wise to either give up breastfeeding or discontinue the drug.
For adults and children 12 and older, the usual starting dose is 0.63 milligrams 3 times a day by nebulizer, every 6 to 8 hours. Your doctor will increase the dose to 1.25 milligrams 3 times a day if you have severe asthma or the lower dose fails to provide relief.
For children 6 through 11 years old, the usual dosage is 0.31 milligrams 3 times a day by nebulizer. A dosage of more than 0.63 milligrams 3 times daily is not recommended.
Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Xopenex, seek medical attention immediately.