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Drugs reference index «malathion topical»

malathion topical


malathion

Generic Name: malathion (topical) (ma la THIGH on)Brand Names: Ovide

What is malathion?

Malathion is a pediculicide. It affects the nervous system of parasites (lice).

Malathion is used to treat head lice.

Malathion may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about malathion?

Do not take this medication by mouth. Do not use malathion to treat an infant. The scalp of an infant is thin and may absorb more malathion, which could be dangerous. Malathion is not approved for use by children younger than 6 years of age. Malathion should only be used to treat a child under the direct supervision of an adult, when prescribed by a doctor. Malathion lotion is flammable. Do not expose the lotion or wet hair to open flames or electric heat sources including hair dryers, curling irons, and electric curlers. Do not smoke while applying the lotion or while the hair is wet. Warn children to stay away from open flames, lighted cigarettes, and electric heat sources while the hair is wet.

Avoid contact with the eyes. If contact occurs, flush the eye immediately with water.

To prevent reinfection, wash all clothing, hats, bed clothes, bed linens, hair brushes, and combs in hot water with a strong cleanser. Also, other family members may require treatment.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using malathion?

Do not use this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it. Malathion is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is unlikely to harm an unborn baby. Do not use malathion without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant. It is not known whether malathion passes into breast milk. Do not use this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not use malathion to treat an infant. The scalp of an infant is thin and may absorb more malathion, which could be dangerous. Malathion is not approved for use by children younger than 6 years of age. Malathion should only be used to treat a child under the direct supervision of an adult, when prescribed by a doctor.

How should I use malathion?

Use malathion exactly as directed by your doctor, or follow the directions that accompany the package. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Close the eyes tightly while applying malathion. Apply enough malathion lotion to dry hair to thoroughly wet the hair and scalp. Pay particular attention to the back of the head and neck when applying the lotion. Allow the hair to dry naturally and keep it uncovered. Shampoo the hair after 8 to 12 hours, again paying attention to the back of the head and neck while shampooing. Rinse the hair and use a fine-toothed (nit) comb to remove dead lice eggs. If live lice are still present after 7 to 9 days, repeat this process with a second application of malathion.

Malathion lotion is flammable. Do not expose the lotion or wet hair to open flames or electric heat sources including hair dryers, curling irons, and electric curlers. Do not smoke while applying the lotion or while the hair is wet. Warn children to stay away from open flames, lighted cigarettes, and electric heat sources while the hair is wet.

Slight stinging may occur with the use of malathion. If excessive skin irritation occurs, wash the scalp and hair immediately. If the irritation clears, reapply malathion. If the irritation reoccurs, talk to your doctor.

To prevent reinfection, wash all clothing, hats, bed clothes, bed linens, hair brushes, and combs in hot water with a strong cleanser. Also, other family members may require treatment.

Avoid contact with the eyes. If contact occurs, flush the eye immediately with water.

Use malathion on scalp hair only.

Do not take this medication by mouth. Store malathion at room temperature. Malathion is flammable. Keep it away from open flame and heat sources.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Malathion is only applied once, so you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention.

Symptoms of an oral malathion overdose may include increased sweating, watering mouth, diarrhea, a slow heart rate, and difficulty breathing.

What should I avoid while using malathion?

Malathion lotion is flammable. Do not expose the lotion or wet hair to open flames or electric heat sources including hair dryers, curling irons, and electric curlers. Do not smoke while applying the lotion or while the hair is wet. Warn children to stay away from open flames, lighted cigarettes, and electric heat sources while the hair is wet.

Use malathion on scalp hair only.

To prevent reinfection, wash all clothing, hats, bed clothes, bed linens, hair brushes, and combs in hot water with a strong cleanser. Also, other family members may require treatment.

Malathion side effects

Serious side effects are not likely to occur. Stop using malathion and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (shortness of breath; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, face, or tongue; or hives).

Notify your doctor if your condition worsens, or if prolonged or excessive skin or scalp irritation occurs.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect malathion?

Do not apply other topical preparations to the hair and scalp during treatment with malathion, unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with malathion. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your pharmacist has additional information about malathion written for health professionals that you may read.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2006 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.08. Revision Date: 4/12/2009 4:43:46 PM.
  • Ovide Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Ovide Topical Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
  • Ovide MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)

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