Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Drugs A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List

Herbs & Supplements

Medical Dictionary

Full Article

Popular Drugs

Popular Diseases & Conditions

Drugs reference index «meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate Intramuscular»

meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate (Intramuscular route)

me-NINJ-oh-kok-kal vak-SEEN, dif-THEER-ee-a KON-joo-gate

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Menactra

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Suspension
  • Suspension

Therapeutic Class: Vaccine

Uses For meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate

Meningococcal diphtheria conjugate vaccine is an active immunizing agent used to prevent infection by certain groups of meningococcal bacteria. The vaccine works by causing your body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against the disease.

The following information applies only to the meningococcal vaccine used for meningococcal bacteria Groups A, C, Y, and W-135. These groups cause nearly all of the meningococcal meningitis cases in the U.S. The vaccine will not protect against infection caused by other meningococcal bacteria groups, such as Group B.

Meningococcal infection can cause life-threatening illnesses, such as meningococcal meningitis, which affects the brain, and meningococcemia, which affects the blood. Some persons with meningococcal meningitis and/or meningococcemia also may die. The rate of these diseases peak in adolescence and early adulthood and are more likely to occur in persons with certain diseases or conditions that make them more susceptible to a meningococcal infection or more likely to develop serious problems from a meningococcal infection.

Immunization against meningococcal disease is recommended for persons 2 to 55 years of age who are at risk of getting the disease because:

  • They have certain diseases or conditions that make them more susceptible to a meningococcal infection or more likely to develop serious problems from a meningococcal infection.
  • They are living in, working in, or visiting an area where there is a strong possibility of contracting meningococcal disease .

Usually a person needs to receive meningococcal vaccine only once.

Meningococcal diphtheria conjugate vaccine is to be administered only by or under the supervision of your doctor or other health care professional.

This vaccine is available only with your doctor's prescription .

Before Using meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate

In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this vaccine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of meningococcal diphtheria conjugate vaccine in children up to two years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Geriatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of meningococcal diphtheria conjugate vaccine in adults older than 55 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Receiving this vaccine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Measles Virus Vaccine, Live

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), history of—Should not be used in patients with this condition .
  • Hemophilia (blood disorder with tendency to bleed uncontrollably) or
  • Illness, recent or critical or
  • Other bleeding problems—May make these conditions worse.
  • Immune system problem (body's ability to fight infection is lower than normal)—This vaccine has not been studied in patients with this condition.

Proper Use of meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate

Dosing

The dose of meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For prevention of meningococcal disease:
      • Adults and teenagers—One dose injected into the shoulder muscle.
      • Children 2 years of age and older—One dose injected into the shoulder muscle.
      • Children younger than 2 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .

Precautions While Using meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate

It is very important to tell your doctor if you are allergic to rubber. The stopper of the vial contains dry natural rubber latex, which may cause an allergic reaction if you have a latex allergy.

Check with your doctor right away if you experience a cough, difficulty swallowing, dizziness, fast heartbeat, hives, itching, puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips or tongue, shortness of breath, skin rash, tightness in chest, unusual tiredness or weakness, and/or wheezing. These could be symptoms of an allergic reaction to the vaccine.

Contact your doctor immediately if you have sudden weakness or are not able to move your arms or legs. This could be a sign of a serious condition called Gullain-Barré Syndrome .

This vaccine will not treat symptoms of meningococcal infection if you already have the disease .

meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare
  • Cough
  • difficulty swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • hives
  • itching
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • shortness of breath
  • skin rash
  • tightness in the chest
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • wheezing
Incidence not known
  • Inability to move arms and legs
  • fainting
  • sudden and progressing muscle weakness
  • sudden and severe back pain
  • sudden numbness and weakness in the arms and legs
  • weakness of the muscles in your face

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Chills
  • diarrhea
  • difficulty with moving
  • fever
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • hard lump at injection site
  • headache
  • irritability
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle pain or stiffness
  • pain in joints
  • pain, redness, or swelling at injection site
  • sleepiness
  • weight loss
Less common
  • Vomiting

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

The information contained in the Thomson Healthcare (Micromedex) products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Healthcare products.

Comment «meningococcal vaccine, diphtheria conjugate Intramuscular»