Generic Name: anakinra (injectable) (an na KIN rah)Brand Names: Kineret
Anakinra reduces the actions of chemicals in the body that are involved in inflammatory and immune responses.
Anakinra is used to treat the symptoms of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis in patients who have had an inadequate response to one or more antirheumatic drugs. Anakinra may be used in combination with other antirheumatic medications.
Anakinra may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
are currently taking etanercept (Enbrel), infliximab (Remicade), or adalimumab (Humira) to treat rheumatoid arthritis;
have an active infection or a history of recurrent infection;
have recently been exposed to varicella (chickenpox) virus;
have a bone marrow disease;
have a suppressed immune system due to a medical condition or treatment with medication;
have recently received a live vaccine; or
have kidney disease.
You may not be able to use anakinra, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment.Anakinra is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Do not use anakinra without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether anakinra passes into breast milk. Do not use anakinra without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. The safety and effectiveness of anakinra have not been established for pediatric patients.
Use anakinra exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist to explain them to you.
Anakinra is used as a subcutaneous (under the skin) injection only. Your doctor or nurse will give you detailed instructions on how and where to inject anakinra. Do not inject this medication if you are unsure how.
Anakinra is usually injected once a day. The dose should be injected at approximately the same time every day.
The medication may be allowed to reach room temperature by removing it from the refrigerator about 60 to 90 minutes before administration. This may reduce discomfort during or following the injection.
The medication can be injected into the outer thighs, stomach, back of the upper arms, or buttocks. Rotate the injection site daily to reduce the possibility of soreness or redness. The area of the body being injected does not need to change daily, however each injection site should be at least one inch from the previous day's injection site.
Do not inject anakinra if it is discolored, cloudy, or if it has particles in it. Do not shake the prefilled syringe and do not use anakinra beyond the expiration date shown on the carton. If the solution appears foamy, allow it to sit for a few minutes until it clears.
This medication does not contain a preservative. Therefore, throw away any medication remaining in the syringe after a dose. Do not save the medication for later use.
Never reuse a needle or syringe. Dispose of all needles and syringes in an appropriate, puncture-resistant disposal container.
Your doctor may want you to have blood tests or other medical evaluations during treatment with anakinra to monitor progress and side effects.
Anakinra should be used on a regular basis to get the most benefit.Store anakinra in the refrigerator (36 to 46 degrees Fahrenheit/2 to 8 degrees Celsius) away from moisture, heat and light. Do not allow anakinra to freeze.
Notify your healthcare provider if you miss a dose of this medication.
Serious or life-threatening side effects are unlikely to occur from an overdose of anakinra. Contact your doctor or seek medical attention if an overdose of anakinra is suspected.
Other less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to use anakinra and notify your doctor if you experience
nausea or diarrhea;
sinus irritation or infection; or
redness, bruising, pain, or swelling at the injection site.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Usual Adult Dose for Rheumatoid Arthritis:
100 mg subcutaneously once daily
Before using anakinra, talk to your doctor if you are taking
adalimumab (Humira); or
a medicine that may decrease the effects of the immune system.
You may not be able to use anakinra, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.
Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with anakinra. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including herbal products.