Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Drugs reference index «risperidone»

risperidone


risperidone (Oral route)

ris-PER-i-done

Intramuscular routePowder for Suspension, Extended Release

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia Related Psychosis: Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of 17 placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 times to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. Risperidone is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis .

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. Although the causes of death in clinical trials were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. It is unclear from the observational studies to what extent these mortality findings may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to patient characteristics. Risperidone is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis .

Oral routeTabletTablet, DisintegratingSolution

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia Related Psychosis - Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of 17 placebo controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 times to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. Risperidone is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis .

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. Although the causes of death in clinical trials were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. It is unclear from the observational studies to what extent these mortality findings may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to patient characteristics. Risperidone is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis .

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Risperdal
  • Risperdal M-Tab

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet, Disintegrating
  • Tablet
  • Solution

Therapeutic Class: Antipsychotic

Chemical Class: Benzisoxazole

Uses For risperidone

Risperidone is used to treat the symptoms of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, mania or bipolar disorder, or irritability associated with autistic disorder. risperidone should NOT be used to treat behavioral problems in older adult patients who have dementia .

Risperidone is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using risperidone

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For risperidone, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to risperidone or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of risperidone in children less than 13 years of age with schizophrenia. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of risperidone in children less than 10 years of age with bipolar disorder. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of risperidone in children less than 5 years of age with autistic disorder. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Geriatric

Elderly people may be especially sensitive to the effects of risperidone. This may increase the chance of having side effects during treatment. risperidone should not be used for behavioral problems in older adults with dementia.

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of risperidone in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require an adjustment of dosage in patients receiving risperidone .

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Using risperidone with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Bepridil
  • Cisapride
  • Levomethadyl
  • Mesoridazine
  • Metoclopramide
  • Pimozide
  • Terfenadine
  • Thioridazine

Using risperidone with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acecainide
  • Ajmaline
  • Amiodarone
  • Amisulpride
  • Amitriptyline
  • Amoxapine
  • Aprindine
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Asenapine
  • Astemizole
  • Azimilide
  • Bretylium
  • Chloral Hydrate
  • Chloroquine
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Clarithromycin
  • Desipramine
  • Dibenzepin
  • Disopyramide
  • Dofetilide
  • Dolasetron
  • Doxepin
  • Droperidol
  • Encainide
  • Enflurane
  • Erythromycin
  • Flecainide
  • Fluconazole
  • Foscarnet
  • Gemifloxacin
  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Halofantrine
  • Haloperidol
  • Halothane
  • Hydroquinidine
  • Ibutilide
  • Imipramine
  • Isoflurane
  • Isradipine
  • Lidoflazine
  • Linezolid
  • Lithium
  • Lorcainide
  • Mefloquine
  • Nortriptyline
  • Octreotide
  • Pentamidine
  • Pirmenol
  • Prajmaline
  • Probucol
  • Procainamide
  • Prochlorperazine
  • Propafenone
  • Protriptyline
  • Quetiapine
  • Sematilide
  • Sertindole
  • Simvastatin
  • Sotalol
  • Spiramycin
  • Sulfamethoxazole
  • Sultopride
  • Tedisamil
  • Telithromycin
  • Tetrabenazine
  • Tramadol
  • Trifluoperazine
  • Trimethoprim
  • Trimipramine
  • Vasopressin
  • Zolmitriptan
  • Zotepine

Using risperidone with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Bupropion
  • Carbamazepine
  • Cimetidine
  • Fluoxetine
  • Itraconazole
  • Lamotrigine
  • Levorphanol
  • Methadone
  • Midodrine
  • Paroxetine
  • Phenobarbital
  • Phenytoin
  • Ranitidine
  • Ritonavir
  • Topiramate
  • Valproic Acid

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of risperidone. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Aspiration pneumonia, risk or history of or
  • Blood circulation problems or
  • Dehydration or
  • Dementia, such as decreasing mental ability or
  • Difficulty swallowing—These conditions may increase the chance of serious side effects from the medicine .
  • Breast cancer or
  • Heart or blood vessel problems, including stroke and unusual heartbeats or
  • Parkinson's disease—Risperidone may make these conditions worse.
  • Diabetes or family history of diabetes—May make condition worse and cause serious side effects.
  • Drug abuse problems in the past—These patients should be observed for any signs of abuse of risperidone.
  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorders—Risperidone may increase the risk of having seizures.
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver disease—Higher blood levels of risperidone may occur, increasing the chance of side effects.
  • Other medical problems causing vomiting (e.g., brain tumor, bowel blockage, drug overdose, Reye's syndrome)—Risperidone may prevent vomiting and hide these medical problems from you and your doctor.
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU)—The oral disintegrating tablets may contain aspartame, which can make your condition worse.

Proper Use of risperidone

Take risperidone only as directed by your doctor to benefit your condition as much as possible. Do not take more or less of it, do not take it more or less often, and do not take it for a longer or shorter time than your doctor ordered.

You may take risperidone with or without food .

For patients taking the oral solution form of risperidone:

  • Measure the dose with the measuring device provided with your medicine. Stir the dose into a small glass (3 to 4 ounces) of water, coffee, orange juice, or low-fat milk just before taking it. Do not mix risperidone with cola or tea.
  • Rinse the empty measuring device with water and place it back in its storage case. Put the plastic cap back on the bottle of medicine.

For patients taking the orally disintegrating tablet form of risperidone:

  • Do not open the package until you are ready to take your medicine. To remove one tablet, separate one of the four tablets by tearing apart on perforations. Bend the corner as shown on the package. Peel back the foil to get to the tablet. Do not push the tablet through the foil because that could damage the tablet.
  • Use dry hands and take the tablet out of the package and immediately place it on your tongue. The tablet needs to be used immediately because it cannot be stored once it is taken out of the package. Once the tablet is on your tongue it will disintegrate in seconds. You can swallow it with or without liquid. It is important not to split or chew the tablet.

Dosing

The dose of risperidone will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of risperidone. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (oral solution, tablets, or orally disintegrating tablets):
    • For bipolar mania:
      • Adults—At first, 2 to 3 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day schedule. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 6 mg a day.
      • Children 10 to 17 years of age—At first, 0.5 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day schedule either in the morning or evening. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 6 mg a day.
      • Children younger than 10 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
      • Older adults—At first, 0.25 mg or 0.5 mg (0.5 mL) two times a day. The medicine can be given on a once a day schedule after your doctor has found the correct dose for you. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 3 mg (3 mL) a day .
    • For irritability associated with autistic disorder:
      • Children 5 to 16 years of age weighing 20 kilograms (kg) or greater—At first, 0.5 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day or twice a day schedule. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed.
      • Children 5 to 16 years of age weighing less than 20 kilograms (kg)—At first, 0.25 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day or twice a day schedule. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed.
      • Children younger than 5 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .
    • For schizophrenia:
      • Adults—At first, 2 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day or twice a day schedule. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 16 mg a day.
      • Children 13 to 17 years of age—At first, 0.5 milligrams (mg) per day, given on a once a day schedule either in the morning or evening. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 6 mg a day.
      • Children younger than 13 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
      • Older adults—At first, 0.25 mg or 0.5 mg (0.5 mL) two times a day. The medicine can be given on a once a day schedule after your doctor has found the correct dose for you. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose usually is not more than 3 mg (3 mL) a day .

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of risperidone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using risperidone

Your doctor should check your progress at regular visits, especially during the first few months of treatment with risperidone. This will allow the dosage to be changed if necessary to meet your needs.

Do not stop taking risperidone without first checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to reduce gradually the amount you are taking before stopping completely. This is to prevent side effects and to keep your condition from becoming worse.

risperidone may add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicine that makes you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; barbiturates; medicine for seizures; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are using risperidone.

Before having any kind of surgery, dental treatment, or emergency treatment, tell the medical doctor or dentist in charge that you are using risperidone. Taking risperidone together with medicines that are used during surgery, dental, or emergency treatments may increase the CNS depressant effects.

risperidone may cause blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. Make sure you know how you react to risperidone before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to see clearly.

Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position. Getting up slowly may help. If the problem continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

Risperidone may cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than it is normally. Exposure to sunlight, even for brief periods of time, may cause a skin rash, itching, redness or other discoloration of the skin, or a severe sunburn. When you begin taking risperidone:

  • Stay out of direct sunlight, especially between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., if possible.
  • Wear protective clothing, including a hat. Also, wear sunglasses.
  • Apply a sun block product that has a skin protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. You may require a product with a higher SPF number, especially if you have a fair complexion. If you have any questions about this, check with your health care professional.
  • Apply a sun block lipstick that has an SPF of at least 15 to protect your lips.
  • Do not use a sunlamp or tanning bed or booth.

If you have a severe reaction from the sun, check with your doctor.

risperidone may make it more difficult for your body to keep a constant temperature. Use extra care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather while you are taking risperidone, since overheating may result in heatstroke. Hot baths or saunas may make you feel dizzy or faint while you are taking risperidone. Also, use extra care not to become too cold while you are taking risperidone. If you become too cold, you may feel drowsy, confused, or clumsy.

risperidone Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, risperidone can sometimes cause serious side effects. Tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder) may occur and may not go away after you stop using the medicine. Signs of tardive dyskinesia include fine, worm-like movements of the tongue, or other uncontrolled movements of the mouth, tongue, cheeks, jaw, or arms and legs. Other serious but rare side effects may also occur. These include neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), which may cause severe muscle stiffness, fever, severe tiredness or weakness, fast heartbeat, difficult breathing, increased sweating, loss of bladder control, or seizures. You and your doctor should discuss the good risperidone will do as well as the risks of taking it.

Stop taking risperidone and get emergency help immediately if any of the following effects occur:

Rare
  • Convulsions (seizures)
  • difficult or fast breathing
  • fast heartbeat or irregular pulse
  • fever (high)
  • high or low blood pressure
  • increased sweating
  • loss of bladder control
  • muscle stiffness (severe)
  • unusual tiredness or weakness (severe)
  • unusually pale skin

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Difficulty in speaking or swallowing
  • inability to move eyes
  • muscle spasms of face, neck, and back
  • twisting movements of body
Less common
  • Speech or vision problems
  • sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arms or legs
Rare
  • High body temperature (dizziness; fast, shallow breathing; fast, weak heartbeat; headache; muscle cramps; pale, clammy skin; increased thirst)
  • lip smacking or puckering
  • low body temperature (confusion, drowsiness, poor coordination, shivering)
  • prolonged, painful, inappropriate erection of the penis
  • puffing of cheeks
  • rapid or worm-like movements of tongue
  • uncontrolled chewing movements
  • uncontrolled movements of arms and legs

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Anxiety or nervousness
  • changes in vision, including blurred vision
  • decreased sexual desire or performance
  • loss of balance control
  • mask-like face
  • menstrual changes
  • mood or mental changes, including aggressive behavior, agitation, difficulty in concentration, and memory problems
  • problems in urination or increase in amount of urine
  • restlessness or need to keep moving (severe)
  • shuffling walk
  • skin rash or itching
  • stiffness or weakness of arms or legs
  • tic-like or twitching movements
  • trembling and shaking of fingers and hands
  • trouble in sleeping
Less common
  • Back pain
  • chest pain
  • unusual secretion of milk
Rare
  • Extreme thirst
  • increased blinking or spasms of eyelid
  • loss of appetite
  • talking, feeling, and acting with excitement and activity that cannot be controlled
  • uncontrolled twisting movements of neck, trunk, arms, or legs
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual facial expressions or body positions

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Constipation
  • coughing
  • diarrhea
  • drowsiness
  • dryness of mouth
  • headache
  • heartburn
  • increased dream activity
  • increased length of sleep
  • nausea
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • sore throat
  • stuffy or runny nose
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • weight gain
Less common
  • Back pain
  • body aches or pain
  • chills
  • dandruff
  • darkening of skin color
  • dry skin
  • ear congestion
  • fever
  • increase in body movements
  • increased sensitivity of the skin to sun
  • increased watering of mouth
  • joint pain
  • loss of voice
  • nasal congestion
  • oily skin
  • pain or tenderness around eyes and cheekbones
  • shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  • sneezing
  • stomach pain
  • tightness of chest or wheezing
  • toothache
  • vomiting
  • weight loss

Some side effects, such as uncontrolled movements of the mouth, tongue, and jaw, or uncontrolled movements of arms and legs, may occur after you have stopped taking risperidone. If you notice any of these effects, check with your doctor as soon as possible.

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

The information contained in the Thomson Healthcare (Micromedex) products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Healthcare products.

  • Risperidone Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Risperidone Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Risperidone Detailed Consumer Information (PDR)
  • Risperidone MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Risperdal Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Risperdal Consumer Overview
  • Risperdal MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Risperdal Consta Consumer Overview
  • Risperdal Consta Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Risperdal M-Tab Orally Disintegrating Tablets MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)

See Also...

Comment «risperidone»